“Complete Calm Reigns Now in the City of Mashhad”: Russia and the Mashhad Incident of 1912
Table of contents
“Complete Calm Reigns Now in the City of Mashhad”: Russia and the Mashhad Incident of 1912
Publication type
Andrey Larin 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow

The article is devoted to the events in Mashhad in early 1912. The royalist agitation in the Holy city of Shi’ites led to the fact that a significant part of the followers of the former Shah took bast in the shrine of Imam Reza, hoping for the restoration of their favorite. The Russian Consulate, which initially seemed to be sympathetic to the idea of restoring of the ex-Shah, eventually lost control of the situation. As a result of the escalation, the Russian authorities resorted to military force and forced the royalists, hiding in the holy place, to surrender. Mashhad events revealed both the similarity of the approach of the Russian authorities in resolving various crisis situations in Iran, and a significant difference in the understanding of the 1907 Convention that existed in St. Petersburg and London.

Russia, Great Britain, Iran, Sazonov, Grey, Benckendorff, Buchanan, Poklewski-Koziell, Dabija
Publication date
Number of characters
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2020
1200 RUB / 20.0 SU


1. Aliev S. M. Istoriya Irana. XX v. M., 2004.

2. Ivanov M. S. Ocherk istorii Irana. M., 1952.

3. Kulagina L. M. Rossiya i Iran (XIX — nachalo XX vv.). M., 2010.

4. Larin A. B. “To the Thunder of Cannon and Joyous Shouts of the Crowd the Shah Entered Astarabad”: Russia, Britain and the Attempt to Restore Mohammad Ali Shah // ISTORIYA. 2018. Vol. 9. Issue 8. URL: http://history.jes.su/s207987840002504-3-1 DOI: 10.18254/S0002504-3-1

5. Matveev A. M. Rol' anglijskoj provokatsii v meshkhedskikh sobytiyakh nachala 1912 goda // Trudy Sredneaziatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Vyp. 62 (VII). 1955.

6. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya v ehpokhu imperializma: dokumenty iz arkhivov tsarskogo i Vremennogo pravitel'stv. 1878—1917. Ser. 2. 1900—1913. (MOEhI) T. 19. Ch. 2. M.; L., 1939.

7. Sbornik diplomaticheskikh dokumentov, kasayuschikhsya sobytij v Persii. T. 4—7. SPb., 1912—1913. T. 7. 1913.

8. Kazemzadeh F. Russia and Britain in Persia, 1864—1914. A Study in Imperialism. New Haven; L., 1968.

9. Letters from Tabriz: the Russian suppression of the Iranian constitutional movement. Translated from the Persian with introductory & explanatory matter by Edward G. Browne / ed. from Browne’s manuscript by Hasan Javadi. Washington, DC, 2008.

10. McDaniel R. A. The Shuster Mission and the Persian Constitutional Revolution. Minneapolis, 1974.

11. Nazem H. Russia and Great Britain in Iran (1900—1914). Teheran, 1975.

12. Shuster W. M. The strangling of Persia. N. Y., 1912.

13. Sykes P. Persia. Oxford, 1922.

14. Yeselson A. United States — Persian Diplomatic Relations, 1883—1921. New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1956.