Issue 3 (89)
Digital Commonwealth of Humanities: Information Technologies in History and Related Studies
Volume: 11
Publication date: 12.05.2020
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU

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In recent decades, the research landscape of history and other humanities has changed significantly. The concept of “digital turn” was coined in the literature, describing the transition from the “analog” world to the “digital” one. Everything turned out to be more difficult in research practices. Volens nolens human researchers found themselves face-to-face with data, databases, digital platforms, and online ecosystems. Data was everywhere, data became big and cloud-based, and importantly data became extremely diverse, including textual, spatial, graphic, audio, visual, etc. It became clear that the usual source and textual studies were not enough for research. Digital or data-driven approach requires understanding of the nature and features of the humanities data, as well as skills in manipulating various data are needed. The increasing variety of digital historical, linguistic, anthropological, and many other data influences research methods and the very essence of the knowledge that we can obtain today. Moreover, the availability of data, which is already so familiar, happened to be secondary in comparison with the representativeness, integrity, and coherence of data.

The digital commonwealth of humanities is a path to general and particular approaches to the search for truth based on data, using the methods of history, linguistics, and other studies. At the same time, this title was chosen in the hope to emphasize the diversity of research methods, instead of searching for a uniform basis of the Digital Humanities, because most likely, this uniform basis is data. But such data is not as simple, but carefully collected (and often in proud solitude) from books, archival documents, museum collections. Such data is now called capta, defining data gathered for the purpose of a specific research, with the idea that such data reflects the intent of an academic search.

History is a slow scholarship, but it does not mean that Clio is not actual. The digital turn in history opens new horizons of knowledge. This “digital” issue of “ISTORIYA” journal contains a variety of research, united by careful attitude to research data: the possibilities of prosopographic research based on the digitized Australian Dictionary of Biography (ADB), the prospects for corpus research of medieval Slavic manuscripts, the success of using 3D-modeling and virtual reality technologies for the reconstruction of historical urban landscapes, the results of studying the Russian onomasticon in the context of demographic processes, the study of annual exports and imports of the Russian Empire, comparative analysis of textual and statistical data from the Sound Toll Registers (STR) and St. Petersburg Vedomosti, the property structure in case of the Moscow nobility in 1812, statistical analysis of female labor in Moscow and St. Petersburg at the turn of the 19th — 20th centuries, the database with thousands of records of soldiers who served the kings of England in 1369-1453, the methods for creating a digital memory book of repressed Muscovites, the analysis of the educational landscape of Digital humanities, the Odyssey of the concept “Digital Humanities” in French. We hope that this experience will attract the attention of the academic community — and the commonwealth of humanities will grow stronger, and libraries, archives, and museums will be available not only online, but will also reopen their doors after quarantine break.

Issue publications 3 (89)
Author(s)
Digital Commonwealth of Sciences: Experience in the Use of Information Technologies in History and Related Disciplines
Varia