The Polish Question through the Eyes of Professor Sergey Konovalov
Table of contents
The Polish Question through the Eyes of Professor Sergey Konovalov
Publication type
Mikhail Kovalev 
Institute of World History RAS
Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Velikhan Mirzekhanov
Institute of World History RAS
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow

The first edition was published in London in 1944 and soon reprinted in the U.S.A. Konovalov was a Russian emigrant and a Professor in Birmingham University. In his constructions Russian and British intellectual traditions merged. It is concluded that the concept presented in the book fit well into the British historiographical discourse. S. A. Konovalov set a task to understand the evolution of ideas about the Russian-Polish ethnographic borderland. He fully shared the prevailing view in UK that the optimal line of demarcation between Poland and the USSR should be the Curzon line. S. A. Konovalov considered the problem of borders painful, generated by political adventurism, irreconcilable struggle of ideologies, catastrophic consequences of disintegration of empires and at the same time short-sightedness of Versailles system. Overcoming the shortcomings was inevitable, and the search for the optimal Russian-Polish border was among the priorities. Also the article analyzes the reaction of the scientific community to the publication of the book, primarily the critical views of the Polish historians (O. Halecki and W. Lednicki). The article shows that the views of S. A. Konovalov were formed both under the influence of his intellectual environment and under the influence of current historical events.

S. A. Konovalov, Polish question, Poland, USSR, United Kingdom, World War II, historiography, Russian emigration
Publication date
Number of characters
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
800 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2019
2500 RUB / 50.0 SU


1. Vojna i Pol'sha: Pol'skij vopros v russkoj i pol'skoj pechati / pod red. L. S. Kozlovskogo. M., 1914.

2. Kapustina M. A., Kovalev M. V. S. A. Konovalov i razvitie sovetologicheskikh issledovanij v Velikobritanii v 1930-e gg. // Russkoe nasledie v sovremennom mire. Rossiya i Britaniya: stranitsy obschej istorii. London, 2018. S. 52—66.

3. Kovalev M. V. Vtoraya mirovaya vojna glazami russkikh ehmigrantov (po materialam oksfordskogo arkhiva S. A. Konovalova) // Ehlektronnyj nauchno-obrazovatel'nyj zhurnal «Istoriya». 2018. T. 9. Vyp. 8 (72) [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. Dostup dlya zaregistrirovannykh pol'zovatelej. URL: (data obrascheniya: 23.09.2019).

4. Kovalev M. V. Oksfordskij arkhiv professora S. A. Konovalova // Otechestvennye arkhivy. 2015. № 5. S. 58—71.

5. Majskij I. M. Izbrannaya perepiska s inostrannymi korrespondentami. 1916—1975. Kn. 1. M., 2011.

6. The British Library. Archives and Manuscripts. Mss Eur F224. Papers of Sir John Maynard, Indian Civil Service, Punjab 1885—1927, and Lady Maynard.

7. The Cambridge History of Poland: From Augustus II to Pilsudski (1697—1935). Cambridge, 1941.

8. Halecki O. Russo-Polish Relations by S. Konovalov // Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 1945. Vol. 242. P. 178.

9. Halecki O. The Limits and Divisions of European History. L., 1950.

10. A History of the Peace Conference of Paris / ed. by H. W. V. Temperley. L., 1920—1924. Vol. 1—6.

11. Lednicki W. Russo-Polish Relations: An Historical Survey by S. Konovalov // American Slavic and East European Review. 1945. Vol. 4. № 3/4. P. 207—210.

12. Pares B. Russia. L., 1940.

13. Russel E. J. Sir John Maynard and His Studies of the Russian Peasant (12 July, 1865 — 6 December, 1943) // The Slavonic and East European Review. 1946. Vol. 24. № 63. R. 56—65.

14. Russo-Polish relations: an historical survey / ed. by S. Konovalov. L., 1944.

15. Russo-Polish relations: an historical survey / ed. by S. Konovalov. Princeton, N.J., 1945.

16. The Parliamentary debates (Hansard). House of Lords official report. L., 1944. Vol. 403.

17. The Times. 1939. 2 October.

18. The Times. 1944. 14 January.

19. Toynbee A. J. Survey of International Affairs, 1920—1923. Oxford, 1927.

20. Traité de Versailles 1919. Nancy; Paris; Strasbourg, 1919.

21. The University of Oxford, Bodleian Library, Special Collections, Papers of Sergey Konovalov. Box A 6.

22. The University of Oxford, Bodleian Library, Special Collections. Papers of Sergey Konovalov. Box B 23.

23. The War and Democracy / ed. by R. W. Seton-Watson, J. Dover Wilson, A. E. Zimmern and Ar. Greenwood. L., 1915.