On the Question of Forms and Methods of Steppe Territory “Sovietization” and “Bolshevization” During the Civil War (1918—1921)
On the Question of Forms and Methods of Steppe Territory “Sovietization” and “Bolshevization” During the Civil War (1918—1921)
Annotation
PII
S207987840002563-8-1
DOI
10.18254/S0002563-8-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Yulia Lysenko 
Affiliation: Altay State University
Address: Russian Federation, Barnaul
Abstract
Article is devoted to studying of a socio-political situation in Steppes during Civil War of 1918—1922. Critical revision of the Soviet historiography declaring about all to measured support by the population of the Soviet power in this region in process of its release from White Guards is undertaken. On the basis of the analysis of the sources published and revealed by the author of article the hypothesis explaining aspiration of Bolsheviks to exclusive seizure of power and formation of a one-party system is offered. Activity of communists in Steppes encountered a number of the problems connected with lack of a social base of the Bolshevism and existence of powerful opposition represented by the ethnopolitical organizations. The facts testifying to process of artificial designing by Bolsheviks of government bodies of the power on the Soviet beginnings and regional office of RCP (b) with use of an arsenal of ideological and social and economic means are given. They were directed on strengthening in the region of civil opposition and formation of a social base of the Bolshevism among the agrarian population of Steppes. Bolsheviks managed to realize the planned purposes — to monopolize the sphere of policy in the republic and to put activity of government bodies of the power under control.
Keywords
civil war, Steppe region, Bolsheviks, Alash-Orda, Sovietization, power, one-party system
Received
02.10.2018
Publication date
15.02.2019
Number of characters
50588
Number of purchasers
29
Views
209
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 rub. / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full version is available only to subscribers
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 rub. / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 rub. / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2019
1500 rub. / 30.0 SU

References

1. Agdarbekov T. A. Problemy natsional'no-gosudarstvennogo stroitel'stva v Kazakhstane (1920—1936 gg.). Alma-Ata, 1990.

2. Akton Eh., Rozenberg U. G., Chernyaev V. Kriticheskij slovar' russkoj revolyutsii. 1914—1921. SPb., 2014.

3. Amanzholova D. Kazakhskij avtonomizm i Rossiya. Istoriya dvizheniya Alash. M., 1994.

4. Amanzholova D. Na izlome. Alash v ehtnopoliticheskoj istorii Kazakhstana. Almaty, 2009.

5. Bordyugov G. A., Kozlov V. A. Istoriya i kon'yunktura: sub'ektivnye zametki ob istorii sovetskogo obschestva. M., 1992.

6. Bugaj N. F. Chrezvychajnye organy Sovetskoj vlasti: revkomy 1918—1921 gg. M., 1990.

7. Buldakov V. P. Krasnaya smuta. Priroda i posledstviya revolyutsionnogo nasiliya. M., 1997.

8. Buldakov V. P., Kabanov V. V. «Voennyj kommunizm»: ideologiya i obschestvennoe razvitie // Voprosy istorii. 1990. № 3. S. 40—58.

9. Varejkis I. M., Zelenskij I. A. Natsional'no-gosudarstvennoe razmezheva¬nie Srednej Azii. Tashkent, 1924.

10. Genis V. L. Deportatsiya russkikh iz Turkestana v 1921 g. («Delo Safarova») // Voprosy istorii. 1998. № 1. S. 44—58.

11. Gimpel'son E. G. Formirovanie sovetskoj politicheskoj sistemy. M., 1995.

12. Grigor'ev V. K. Razgrom melkoburzhuaznoj kontrrevolyutsii v Kazakhstane. 1920—1922. Alma-Ata, 1984.

13. Dvizhenie Alash: sbornik dokumentov i materialov. Dekabr' 1917 g. — maj 1920 g. Almaty, 2005. T. 2.

14. Elagin A. S. Revkomy v Kazakhstane v dni osvobozhdeniya ot kolchakovschiny // Iz istorii Oktyabr'skoj revolyutsii i Grazhdanskoj vojny v Kazakhstane. Alma-Ata, 1962. T. 13. S. 39—58.

15. Zimanov S. Z. i dr. Kazakhskij Revolyutsionnyj Komitet. Alma-Ata, 1981.

16. Zimanov S. Z. Lenin i natsional'naya gosudarstvennost' v Kazakhstane. Alma-Ata, 1970.

17. Istoriya Kazakhstana: v 5 t. Almaty, 2010. T. IV.

18. Istoriya natsional'no-gosudarstvennogo stroitel'stva v SSSR. 1917—1978. M., 1979. T. I.

19. Kabanov V. V. Vliyanie vojn i revolyutsij na krest'yanstvo // Revolyutsiya i chelovek: sotsial'no-psikhologicheskij aspekt. M., 1996. S. 142—147.

20. Kabanov V. V. Krest'yanskoe khozyajstvo v usloviyakh «voennogo kommunizma». M., 1988.

21. Kaziev S. Sh. Sovetskaya natsional'naya politika i problemy doveriya v mezhehtnicheskikh otnosheniyakh v Kazakhstane (1917—1991 gg.): dis. … d-ra ist. nauk. M., 2015.

22. Kojchiev A. Natsional'no-territorial'noe razmezhevanie v Ferganskoj doline (1924—1927 gg.). Bishkek, 2001.

23. Lysenko Yu. A., Barmin V. A., Anisimova I. V. i dr. Ehtnopoliticheskie protsessy v tsentral'noaziatskikh okrainakh Rossii v period revolyutsij 1917 g. Barnaul, 2017.

24. Nurpeisov K. N. Stanovlenie Sovetov v Kazakhstane (mart 1917 — iyun' 1918 gg.). Alma-Ata, 1987.

25. Ocherki istorii Kommunisticheskoj partii Kazakhstana. Alma-Ata, 1963.

26. Pavlyuchenkov S. A. Voennyj kommunizm v Rossii: vlast' i massy. M., 1997.

27. Pokrovskij S. N. Razgrom inostrannykh voennykh interventov i vnutrennej kontrrevolyutsii v Kazakhstane (1918—1920 gg.). Alma-Ata, 1967.

28. Protokoly Revolyutsionnogo komiteta po upravleniyu Kazakhskim kraem. 1919—1920: sbornik dokumentov. Alma-Ata, 1993.

29. Sobranie uzakonenij i rasporyazhenij pravitel'stva za 1919 g. Upravlenie delami Sovnarkoma SSSR M., 1943.

30. Spitsyn E. Yu. Rossiya — Sovetskij Soyuz. 1917—1945 gg. M., 2015.