The Concept of the “Italian Way” to Communism and its Perception in the USSR. Facts and Political Implications
The Concept of the “Italian Way” to Communism and its Perception in the USSR. Facts and Political Implications
Annotation
PII
S207987840002400-9-1
DOI
10.18254/S0002400-9-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Alessandro Salacone 
Affiliation: Università per Stranieri di Perugia
Address: Italy, Perugia
Abstract
The article examines the evolution of the relations between the Italian Communist Party (PCI) and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (PCUS) and the USSR in general between the mid-1950s and the late 1960s. Despite of formal lowering of tensions, the processes of “de-Stalinization” and a development of the ideas of peaceful coexistence of the two systems, which were basic for external politics of the key European countries and which were central for discussions within the international communist movement, these were hard times for relations between the Communist Party of the USSR and the “brother” working and communist parties, especially in the capitalist hemisphere. On the basis of new evidences from the archive of the Italian Communist Party (Italy) and the Russian State Archive of Modern History (RGANI, Moscow) the author analyses the turning points of this period (the XXth PCUS Congress in 1956, the Moscow Conferences of 1957 and of 1960, the XXII Congress of the PCUS, the death of Palmiro Togliatti, the dismissal of Nikita Khrutchev, the change of course in the PCUS and the PCI, the crisis of 1968). The article shows that even “peaceful” change of leadership in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was conceived in a very negative way in the Italian Communist Party, giving for Italian communists an impetus towards the ideas of “Italian way” and “Eurocommunism”. The author comes to a conclusion that the turning point in relations of the two communist parties, after which PCI get bored of its close ties with Moscow became rather the year 1964 and not the 1968.
Keywords
The Italian Communist Party, Palmiro Togliatti, Italy, USSR, 1956, Nikita Khrustchev, eurocommunism
Received
23.06.2018
Publication date
31.08.2018
Number of characters
67157
Number of purchasers
18
Views
831
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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