From a Geopolitical Rival to an Implacable Enemy: Mythologization of Spain’s Image in the United States on the Eve of the War of 1898
From a Geopolitical Rival to an Implacable Enemy: Mythologization of Spain’s Image in the United States on the Eve of the War of 1898
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Larisa Baybakova 
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
In any war, the image of the enemy is traditionally presented in a purely negative perspective, because in the course of conflict and extreme situations, often leading to the breakdown of interstate relations, strong negative emotions prevail in the mass consciousness, down to feelings of hatred. Meanwhile, in the history of many wars, where the demonization of the enemy's image began long before the outbreak of hostilities. The article analyzes the peculiarities of the propaganda campaign launched in the USA by the “yellow” press to discredit the policy pursued by the Spanish authorities in Cuba on the eve of the Spanish-American war. Special attention is paid to the creation of stable mythological stereotypes, which defined for a long time the emotionally negative image of of Spain as an enemy in American society.
Spanish-American War, experience of the news media manipulation of public opinion, a stereotype of the enemy in mass consciousness, “yellow” press
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