In Search of the Spirit of the Sociality in the Medieval City: the Sailors and the Origin of the Noncanonical Piety's Forms (the Genoese Gazaria 14th — 15th Centuries)
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In Search of the Spirit of the Sociality in the Medieval City: the Sailors and the Origin of the Noncanonical Piety's Forms (the Genoese Gazaria 14th — 15th Centuries)
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The article deals with special forms of religiosity of medieval sailors on the materials of the cities of Genoese Gazaria in the 14th — 15th centuries. The author analyzes the diverse types of sources — the decisions of the Gazaria’s Office about the navigation in the Black Sea, statutes of Caffa, notarials acts, potolans, prayer sailors chants, ships graffiti on the walls of churches in the cities on the Crimean Black Sea coast — Feodosiya (Caffa), Soudak (Soldaia), Balaklava (Cembalo) and others. Ship graffiti were a manifestation of a kind of votive praxis from the part of the poor sailors who were unable to order a model ship and bring her as a gift to his parish church. Maybe it was a special prayerful appeal for more upcoming trials and tests in maritime voyages. Graffiti sailors expressed quite different piety that does not fit into the canonical framework of ecclesial communion, and as though it was allowed to communicate with God without the mediation of the clergy, without the prescribed mandatory satisfactions expressed in a certain amount.
Caffa, Soldaia, Cembalo, Genoese Gazaria, Crimea, 14th — 15th centuries, sailors, mariners, ships graffiti, prayer sailors chants
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