The Greek Catholic Church during the German Occupation of Western Ukraine (1941—1944): Relations with the Occupation Authorities and the Main Areas of Activity
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The Greek Catholic Church during the German Occupation of Western Ukraine (1941—1944): Relations with the Occupation Authorities and the Main Areas of Activity
Annotation
PII
S207987840021881-8-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Anna Vishivanyuk 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Ekaterina Shebalina
Affiliation: MGIMO University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article considers the position and activities of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC) under the German occupation. The authors analyzed the documents by Greek Catholics, German and Soviet authorities, and tried to understand the circumstances of the relationship between the UGCC hierarchy and the occupation regime. The transformation of the position of the Greek Catholics towards the German occupation authorities was studied. The work also highlights the social and socio-political activity of the Greek Catholic clergy in Galicia during this period, church activities to support those in need. In addition, we analyzed the connection of the UGCC with the Ukrainian nationalist movement - the church, on the one hand, supported the idea of independence, on the other, condemned terror. Finally, in the article we examined how, under the conditions of the German occupation, the UGCC tried to expand the union to the East, with the support of the Vatican.

Keywords
Greek Catholic Church, Uniates, Metropolitan Andrew Sheptytsky, German occupation of Ukraine, Vatican foreign policy
Received
07.08.2022
Publication date
31.08.2022
Number of characters
46235
Number of purchasers
0
Views
72
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