“I Have the Courage to Say Loudly that ... Only My Teaching Can Bring the World of Islam Closer to the Soviet Government” (Archival Investigation Case of Musa Bigiev, 1923—1924)
Table of contents
Share
QR
Metrics
“I Have the Courage to Say Loudly that ... Only My Teaching Can Bring the World of Islam Closer to the Soviet Government” (Archival Investigation Case of Musa Bigiev, 1923—1924)
Annotation
PII
S207987840021687-4-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Renat Bekkin 
Affiliation: Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow; Saint Petersburg
Abstract

The article is based on the materials of the archival investigative case of the famous Muslim theologian Musa Jarullah Bigiev (1871—1949). The formal reason for Bigiev’s arrest in November 1923 was his intention to go to the World Muslim Congress in Calcutta without consent of the People’s Commissariat of Foreign Affairs and the State Political Directorate (GPU), as well as handing over of his works containing criticism of the Soviet government for publication abroad. However, it is not the congress or Bigiev’s publications that are within the focus of this article, but the behavioral strategies the scholar used during the investigation. Bigiev belonged to those Muslim religious figures who were described in the documents of the Eastern Department of the State Political Directorate as “progressives” (progressisty). Such ministers of religion were considered by the Bolsheviks as “fellow travelers” (poputchiki) and were meant to be used in order to create a split among the so-called “Muslim clergy”. Bigiev was well aware of this, and therefore, during the investigation, he tried to present himself as a natural ally of the Soviet government, despite his disagreement with certain postulates of Marxist theory and their application in practice by the Bolsheviks. In the archival investigative case, there are many well-known names, including figures of the pan-Islamic movement. Speaking about his friendly relations with some well-known representatives of the Muslim World in the USSR, Bigiev sought to demonstrate to the investigator his importance as a significant mediator between the Bolsheviks and Muslims.

Keywords
Musa Jarullah Bigiev, Islam in the USSR, Muslims in the USSR, GPU, OGPU, Pan-Islamism, Tatars
Received
07.06.2022
Publication date
31.08.2022
Number of characters
52364
Number of purchasers
0
Views
76
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 200 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for 2022

References

1. Arapov D. Yu. Volga-Ural: islam i sovetskaya gosbezopasnost' v 1926 g. // Volgo-Ural'skij region v imperskom prostranstve XVIII—XX vv. M.: Vostochnaya literatura, 2011. S. 230—240.

2. Barmin V. A., Dmitriev S. V., Shmatov V. G. Sin'tszyan: ocherk istorii regiona // Obschestvo i gosudarstvo v Kitae. T. XLVI. Ch. 2 / red. Kobzev A. I. M.: Institut vostokovedeniya, 2016. S. 209—244.

3. Bekkin R. I. «K tataram sovetskaya vlast' otnositsya plokho...» (Sud'ba imama Ya. K. Khalekova) // Ural'skij istoricheskij vestnik. 2018. № 1 (58). C. 82—90.

4. Bekkin R. I. «Rabochie mne ugrozhali ubijstvom za naznachenie Bayazitova…»: M. S. Bayazitov i delo leningradskikh mull 1932 g. // Novejshaya istoriya Rossii. 2019. T. 9. № 4. S. 1058—1072.

5. Bekkin R. I. «Ya mog by bezhat' i v Finlyandiyu» (Istoriya odnogo nesostoyavshegosya pobega Musy Bigeeva) // Gasyrlar avazy — Ehkho vekov. 2018. № 4. S. 88—102.

6. Bekkin R. I. Imam Yakub Khalekov i musul'manskaya obschina sovetskogo Petrograda—Leningrada // Rossijskaya istoriya. 2017. № 1. S. 148—156.

7. Bekkin R. I. Musa Bigeev kak lider musul'manskoj obschiny Petrograda (po materialam pisem Musy Dzharullakha Bigeeva k Mukhammed-Alimu Maksutovu) // Iz istorii i kul'tury narodov Srednego Povolzh'ya. 2017. № 7. S. 227—235.

8. Bigiev M. Izbrannye trudy. T. 1—2 / per. s osman. Kazan': Tatarskoe knizhnoe izdatel'stvo, 2005—2006.

9. Bukharin N., Preobrazhenskij E. Azbuka kommunizma. Peterburg: gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo, 1920.

10. Vasil'kov Ya. V. Tol'ko ob odnom vostokovede (Gebraist Mikhail Nikolaevich Sokolov, 1890—1937) // In Memoriam: Istoricheskij sbornik pamyati F. F. Perchenka. M.; SPb.: Feniks, Athenium, 1995. S. 233—253.

11. Germez M. Musa Dzharullakh Bigiev. Kazan': Izdatel'stvo DUM RT, 2009.

12. Guseva Yu. N. Islamskie lidery Volgo-Urala i publichnaya diplomatiya Sovetskoj Rossii 1920-kh gg.: dostizheniya i problemy // Islam v sovremennom mire. 2015. T. 11. № 1. S. 19—26.

13. Guseva Yu. N. Rossijskij musul'manin v KhKh v. (na materialakh Srednego Povolzh'ya). Samara: Ofort, 2013.

14. Islam i sovetskoe gosudarstvo (1917—1936): Sbornik dokumentov. Vyp. 2 / sost. Arapov D. Yu. M.: Izdatel'skij dom Mardzhani, 2010.

15. Islam i sovetskoe gosudarstvo. Vyp. 1: (po materialam Vostochnogo otd. OGPU. 1926 g.) / sost. Arapov D. Yu., Kosach G. G. M.: Izdatel'skij dom Mardzhani, 2010.

16. Khajrutdinov A. G. Nasledie Musa Dzharullakha Bigieva. Sbornik dokumentov i materialov. Kazan': Iman, 2000. Ch. 1.

17. Khajrutdinov A. G. Obschestvenno-politicheskaya deyatel'nost' Musy Bigieva i ee turkestanskaya sostavlyayuschaya v pis'makh k Ehnveru-pashe // Islam v sovremennom mire. 2021. T. 17. № 3. S. 145—164.

Comments

No posts found

Write a review
Translate