The Features and Results of the Dialogue between Germany and the Nordic Countries in the Political and Military Spheres in the 2010s
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The Features and Results of the Dialogue between Germany and the Nordic Countries in the Political and Military Spheres in the 2010s
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Philipp Trunov 
Affiliation: Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow

The article examines the dynamics of Germany's relations with the Nordic countries in the military-political sphere in the 2010s, taking into account the historical experience of their contacts. The author tries to explore both regional and bilateral (interstate) levels. The article shows that the foreign policy of Prussia and then Germany before the World War II, based on the active use of military instruments, was one of the reasons for Sweden (1814) and Finland (1955) to choose a neutral status in the military sphere. Chronologically, special attention is paid to the period of the new Cold War between Euro-Atlantic security community and Russia. The article attempts to show that Germany is not interested in the rejection of Sweden and Finland from their conditionally neutral status de jure. Another question is how Germany used the new Cold War to deepen and expand its contacts with all the countries of Northern Europe. The article also discusses the influence of the Donald Trump factor on these relations. Starting in 2018, we may face increased use of the Bundeswehr in military exercises organized in the region. The article attempts to analyze the determination and dynamics of this trend.

Germany, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, neutral status, new Cold War, cooperation of the armed forces
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