The Role of Historical Memory in the Socio-Political Processes of Chechnya (1986—1994)
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The Role of Historical Memory in the Socio-Political Processes of Chechnya (1986—1994)
Annotation
PII
S207987840017206-5-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Cécile Druey 
Affiliation: University of Bern
Address: Switzerland, Bern
Abstract

During the years that preceded and followed the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the Autonomous Republic of Chechnya in the south of Russia has experienced an intensive movement of civil society mobilisation, nationalist radicalisation and armed conflict. Referring to the case of the society “Kavkaz” as an example for the emerging movement of civil society, this paper traces the mobilising role of history and historical memory during the period of reform under Mikhail Gorbachev in the late-1980s, until the onset of the first Chechnya War in 1994. It argues, that the use of historical memory is not that much a cause, than it is an indicator of conflict and radicalisation in society, and that these processes of radicalisation are closely linked to their context at a local, national and international level. Drawing on data collected from interviews with representatives of the Chechen national movement, from local newspapers and legal acts, the paper tracks the evolution of civil society movements in Chechnya in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Doing so, it departs from a relational approach to conflict analysis (della Porta, 2018; Alimi, Bosi, and Demetriou, 2012; Tilly and Tarrow, 2015; Hughes and Sasse, 2016). Located at the intersection between conflict- and memory studies, the paper thus adds insights to the study of the pre-war period in post-Soviet Chechnya, and in general to the conceptual discussion about the link between historical memory, mobilisation, radicalisation and conflict.

Keywords
national movement, Chechnya, Perestroika, historical memory, mobilisation, radicalisation, conflict
Received
28.07.2021
Publication date
15.11.2021
Number of characters
55894
Number of purchasers
36
Views
323
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0.0 (0 votes)
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