The Norms of Roman Law and the Concept of Jurisdiction in the French Coutumiers of the 13th Century
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The Norms of Roman Law and the Concept of Jurisdiction in the French Coutumiers of the 13th Century
Annotation
PII
S207987840017153-7-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840017153-7
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Olga Togoeva 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article is devoted to the analysis of the earliest North French collections of customary law of the 13th century: the “Coutume de Touraine-Anjou”, the “Usage d’Orlenois”, the “Conseil à un ami” of Pierre de Fontaines and the “Livre de jostice et de plet”. These codes practically did not attract the attention of modern researchers, but they differ in one curious feature: they have an impressive number of borrowings from the Roman law, or rather from the legislation of Justinian (483—565). The main task of the article was an attempt to understand what purpose these inserts served, how the authors and the compilers of the coutumiers worked with this material and, finally, what relation the Roman legal norms had to the territory to which the customary law of a particular area of the French Kingdom applied. According to the author of the article, the references to Roman law appeared in the texts of the Northern French coutumiers precisely because these latter were compiled during the grandiose judicial transformations of Louis IX the Saint and served primarily to settle the relations of the crown with local lords in the sphere of jurisdiction. The norms of the Roman law not only filled in the gaps in the knowledge of the lawyers of the 13th century regarding local legal customs, they also turned out to be extremely useful in order to build a clear “vertical of power” in the French Kingdom, which was entering the era of genuine centralization.

Keywords
the French Kingdom of the 13th century, customary law, Roman law, coutumiers, royal power, rights of jurisdiction
Received
20.06.2021
Publication date
18.10.2021
Number of characters
37256
Number of purchasers
9
Views
351
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0.0 (0 votes)
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