The Dedication of Churches in the Medieval Towns of Prussia
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
The Dedication of Churches in the Medieval Towns of Prussia
Annotation
PII
S207987840017121-2-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840017121-2
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Dmitrii Veber 
Affiliation: Saint Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg
Abstract

This article discusses the practice of dedicating churches to saints in cities on the territory of the state of the Teutonic Order in Prussia. Special attention is paid to three church groups — parish churches, churches owned by monastic orders — Dominicans, Franciscans, Cistercians and Augustinians — Heremites, as well as cathedrals in the capitals of the bishoprics of Kulm, Pomesan, Warmia and Sambia. Among the most popular patron saints was the Virgin Mary, which was due to her patronage of the Teutonic Order as well as the cultural influence of the Hanseatic cities, and her veneration in certain mendicant orders such as the Cistercians. Other popular saints included St Peter and St Paul, and St Nicholas, who also acted as the patron saint of merchants. St Adalbert was also worshipped locally, due to his missionary work in Prussia. Patrons of the churches were also venerated in medieval Europe and were introduced to the region during the process of Christianization.

Keywords
Prussia, Teutonic Order, cities, saints, church, Blessed Virgin Mary, mendicant orders, cathedral
Received
24.03.2021
Publication date
18.10.2021
Number of characters
20414
Number of purchasers
9
Views
173
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 200 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for 2021

References

1. Arnold U. (hrsg.) Elisabeth, der Deutsche Orden und ihre Kirche. Festschrift zur 700jahrigen Wiederkehr der Weihe der Elisabethkirche. Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte des Deutschen Ordens. Bd. 18. Marburg, 1983.

2. Arnold U. Elżbieta i Jerzy jako patroni parafii w państwie zakonu niemieckiego w Prusach. O samowiedzy zakonu niemieckiego // Zakon Krzyżacki z Ziemi Świętej nad Bałtyk. Toruń, 1996.

3. Browe P. Zur Geschichte des Dreifaltigkeitsfestes // Archiv fur Liturgiewissenschaft. 1950. Bd. 1.

4. Demel B. Die heilige Elisabeth von Thuringen. Patronin des Deutschen Ordens // Archiv für Kirchengeschichte von Bohmen — Mahren — Schlesien. 1993. Bd. 12.

5. Dokumenty soborów powszechnych. Tekst grecki, łaciński, polski. Kraków, 2002. T. 2.

6. Dygo M. Studia nad początkami władztwa zakonu niemieckiego w Prusach (1226— 1259). Warszawa, 1992.

7. Kaeppeli T. Heidenricus, Bischof von Kulm. Verfasser eines Traktatus “De amore S. Trinitatis” // Archivum Fratrum Praedicatorum. 1960. T. 30.

8. Kubicki R. Mendicant orders in medieval Prussia and Livonia: pastoral activities in towns // Acta Historica Universitatis Klaipedensis. 2016. Nr. 33.

9. Kubicki R. Monastic Landscape in Medieval Prussia and Livonia // Quaestiones Medii Aevi Novae. 2019. Is. 24.

10. Labuda G. Święty Wojciech. Biskup — męczennik, patron Polski, Czech i Węgier. Wrocław, 2004.

11. Powierski J. Śmierć świętego Wojciecha i jej miejsce w świetle starszych źródeł // Komunikaty Mazursko-Warmińskie. 1993. № 3.

12. Rozynkowski W. Omnes Sancti et Sanctae Dei. Studium nad kultem świętych w diecezjach pruskich państwa zakonu krzyżackie. Malbork, 2006.

13. Rozynkowski W. Die Heiligen Patrone der sakralen Stätten in den Preussischen Städten im Mittelalter // Städtelandschaften im Ostseeraum im Mittelalter und in der Frühen Neuzeit / hrsg. v. R. Czaja, C. Jahnke. Toruń 2009.

14. Swastek J. Przedtrydencki kult św. Jerzego Kapadockiego w diecezji krakowskiej w świetle wezwań kościołów // Roczniki Teologiczno-Kanoniczne. 1967. T. 14. Z. 4.

15. Swastek J. Proweniencja i rozwój kultu św. Jerzego w Polsce w świetle wezwań kościołów w okresie przedtrydenckim, Colloquium Salutis. Wrocławskie Studia Teologiczne. Wrocław, 1969.

16. Woelky C. P., Saage J. M. (hrsg.) Codex Diplomaticus Warmiensis. Mainz, 1864. Bd. I.

Comments

No posts found

Write a review
Translate