Toropets in the Territorial and Administrative System of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Moscow State at the End of the 15th — 16th Century
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Toropets in the Territorial and Administrative System of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Moscow State at the End of the 15th — 16th Century
Annotation
PII
S207987840017016-6-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840017016-6
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Iuliia Stepanova 
Affiliation: Tver State University
Address: Russian Federation, Tver
Mariya Karpova
Affiliation: Tver State University
Address: Russian Federation, Tver
Abstract

The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the territorial, administrative and settlement structure of Toropets and Toropets uezd at the end of the 15th — 16th centuries. During the period when Toropets was part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, it was influenced by its peripheral position and its status as a state settlement, direct tax collection and at the same time maintaining relative independence. Communal traditions inherited from the Old Russian period were also preserved. The involvement of both urban and rural population in crafts activities was recorded, which influenced the formation of special territories (perevaras) in the Toropets uezd. The territories of volosts and a perevaras according to the scribe book of 1540 were localized. The territories of perevaras were within the borders of volosts. The inhabitants of the volosts and the townspeople of Toropets owned the side honey trees. In the city, the yards of shabry are recorded — the collective landowners, and in the county, on the territory of the crossing — the “nest” of settlements under a generalizing name, which served as a means of identifying the object of taxation. After Toropets joined the Moscow state, these features remain. However, the community land ownership and honey craft gradually decline throughout the 16th century.

Keywords
city, Middle Ages, uezd, volost, perevara, settlement, land ownership, taxation, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Moscow state
Received
30.05.2021
Publication date
18.10.2021
Number of characters
27150
Number of purchasers
9
Views
181
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 200 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for 2021

References

1. Akty, otnosyaschiesya k istorii zapadnoj Rossii. M.; SPb.: Nestor-Istoriya, 2012. T. 1 (16): Sbornik dokumentov kantselyarii velikogo knyazya litovskogo Aleksandra Yagellonchika, 1494—1506 gg.

2. Alekseev L. V. Zapadnye zemli domongol'skoj Rusi: ocherki istorii, arkheologii, kul'tury. M.: Nauka, 2006. Kn. 1.

3. Alekseev L. V. Smolenskaya zemlya v IKh—XIII vv.: Ocherki istorii Smolenschiny i Vostochnoj Belorussii. M.: Nauka, 1980.

4. Vasil'ev S. V. «Syabry» u vostochnykh i yuzhnykh slavyan // Rossica Antiqua. 2011. № 1.

5. Vitov M. V. Istoriko-geograficheskie ocherki Zaonezh'ya XVI—XVII vv. Iz istorii sel'skikh poselenij. M.: Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, 1962.

6. Gramoty Velikogo Novgoroda i Pskova / pod red. S. N. Valka. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1949.

7. Dvornichenko A. Yu. Russkie zemli velikogo knyazhestva litovskogo (do nachala XVI v.). Ocherki istorii obschiny, soslovij, gosudarstvennosti. SPb: Izdatel'stvo Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 1993.

8. Dovnar-Zapol'skij M. V. Gosudarstvennoe khozyajstvo Velikogo Knyazhestva Litovskogo pri Yagellonakh. Kiev: Tipografiya Imperatorskogo Universiteta sv. Vladimira Aktsionernogo obschestva pechatnogo i izdatel'skogo dela N. T. Korchak-Novitskogo, 1901. T. 1.

9. Dukhovnye i dogovornye gramoty velikikh i udel'nykh knyazej XIV—XVI vv / podgotovleno k pechati L. V. Cherepninym. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1950.

10. Korzukhina G. F. Novye nakhodki skandinavskikh veschej bliz Toroptsa // Skandinavskij sbornik. Tallin, 1964. Vyp. 8. S. 298—314.

11. Krom M. M. Mezh Rus'yu i Litvoj: Zapadnorusskie zemli v sisteme russko-litovskikh otnoshenij kontsa XV — pervoj treti XVI vv. M.: Kvadriga, Ob'edinennaya redaktsiya MVD Rossii, 2010.

12. Kuchkin V. A. Desyatskie i sotskie Drevnej Rusi // Gorskij A. A., Kuchkin V. A., Lukin P. V., Stefanovich P. S. Drevnyaya Rus': ocherki politicheskogo i sotsial'nogo stroya. M.: Indrik, 2008.

13. Lyubavskij M. K. Oblastnoe delenie i mestnoe upravlenie Litovsko-Russkogo gosudarstva ko vremeni izdaniya pervogo Litovskogo statuta. M.: Univer. tipografiya, 1892.

14. Lyubavskij M. K. Ocherk istorii Litovsko-Russkogo gosudarstva do Lyublinskoj unii vklyuchitel'no. S prilozheniem teksta khartij, vydannykh knyazhestvu Litovskomu i ego oblastyam. M.: Moskovskaya khudozhestvennaya pechatnya, 1915.

15. Malevskaya M. V., Fonyakov D. I. Drevnij Toropets. Toropets, 1991.

16. Perepisnaya okladnaya kniga po Novugorodu Votskoj pyatiny. 7008 goda (Prodolzhenie) // Vremennik Obschestva istorii i drevnostej Rossijskikh. Materialy. M., 1852. Kn. 12.

17. Pistsovaya kniga Toropetskogo uezda pis'ma Aleksandra Davydovicha Ul'yanina i Timofeya Stepanova syna Bibikova // Pistsovye knigi Novgorodskoj zemli. M.: Drevlekhranilische, 2004. T. 4: Pistsovye knigi Derevskoj pyatiny 1530-kh — 1540-kh gg. / sost. K. V. Baranov.

18. Pobojnin I. I. Toropetskaya starina: istoricheskie ocherki g. Toroptsa s drevnejshikh vremen do kontsa XVII v. Toropets, 2004.

19. Presnyakov A. E. Lektsii po russkoj istorii. M.: Sotsehkgiz, 1939. T. 2: Zapadnaya Rus' i Litovsko-russkoe gosudarstvo.

20. Russkaya istoricheskaya biblioteka. SPb., 1910. T. 27: Litovskaya metrika.

21. Temushev V. N. Taropetskaya volasts' // Vyalіkae knyastva Lіtoўskae: Ehntsyklapedyya. U 2 t. Mn., 2006. T. 2: Kadehtskі korpus—Yatskevіch. S. 659—670.

22. Tikhomirov M. N. Rossiya v XVI stoletii. M.: Izdatel'stvo AN SSSR, 1962.

23. Toropetskaya kniga 1540 g. // Arkheograficheskij ezhegodnik za 1963 g. M., 1964.

24. Florya B. N. «Sluzhebnaya organizatsiya» u vostochnykh slavyan // Ehtnosotsial'naya i politicheskaya struktura rannefeodal'nykh slavyanskikh gosudarstv i narodnostej. M.: Nauka, 1987.

25. Frolov A. A. Nekotorye itogi i perspektivy istoriko-geograficheskogo izucheniya srednevekovykh volostej Bujtsy i Lopastitsy // Istoricheskaya geografiya / otv. red. I. G. Konovalova. M.: Akvilon, 2014. T. 2.

26. Froyanov I. Ya., Dvornichenko A. Yu. Goroda-gosudarstva Drevnej Rusi. L.: Izd-vo LGU, 1988.

27. Chernov S. Z. Domen moskovskikh knyazej v gorodskikh stanakh. 1271—1505 gg. (Akty Moskovskoj Rusi. Mikroregional'nye issledovaniya. T. 2) // Kul'tura srednevekovoj Moskvy. Istoricheskie landshafty. M.: Nauka, 2005. T. 2 / otv. red. V. L. Yanin, V. D. Nazarov.

28. Chechulin N. D. Goroda Moskovskogo gosudarstva v XVI veke. SPb.: Tip. I. N. Skorokhodova, 1889.

29. Yanin V. L. Novgorod i Litva. Pogranichnye situatsii XIII—XV vv. M.: Izdatel'stvo Moskovskogo Universiteta, 1998.

Comments

No posts found

Write a review
Translate