Finland’s Neutrality in Soviet Foreign Policy Perceptions
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Finland’s Neutrality in Soviet Foreign Policy Perceptions
Annotation
Title (other)
Нейтралитет Финляндии в советских внешнеполитических представлениях
PII
S207987840016474-0-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840016474-0
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Alexey Komarov 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article examines the evolution of the Soviet leadership’s attitudes regarding Finland’s desire to position itself as a neutral country. Finland’s efforts to promote the idea of its neutrality became especially active after World War II. In this way the representatives of the Finnish political class tried to enhance their profile on the international arena and distance themselves from the military clauses of the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual assistance signed by the USSR and Finland in 1948. Both in Moscow and Helsinki it was understood that neutrality can play the role of an important foreign policy instrument. The Finns tried to use this instrument to weaken Soviet influence on the country, to facilitate rapprochement with other Nordic countries and, ultimately, with the West as a whole. The Soviet leadership regarded these activities negatively. However, within the framework of general deconstruction of the foreign policy priorities’ system created by Mikhail S. Gorbachev’s predecessors, the Soviet side in 1989 finally and unconditionally recognized Finland’s neutrality. After the collapse of the USSR the Soviet-Finnish Treaty of 1948 was substituted by another document, namely the Treaty on the Foundations of Relations between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Finland signed on January 20, 1992. During the elaboration of the new agreement the Russian side would have had no objection against recognizing Finland as a neutral state, but Helsinki, considering the transition from the bipolar system of international relations to the unipolar one, showed no interest to this.

Keywords
Paasikivi, Kekkonen, Soviet-Finnish relations, Paasikivi – Kekkonen Line, Finland's neutrality
Received
07.06.2021
Publication date
16.08.2021
Number of characters
59211
Number of purchasers
3
Views
114
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0.0 (0 votes)
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