Sweden and the Petsamo-Kirkenes Offensive, October 1944 — January 1945
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Sweden and the Petsamo-Kirkenes Offensive, October 1944 — January 1945
Annotation
Title (other)
Швеция и Петсамо-Киркенесское наступление (октябрь 1944 — январь 1945 г.)
PII
S207987840016469-4-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840016469-4
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Gunnar Aselius 
Affiliation: Swedish Defense University
Address: Sweden, Stockholm
Abstract

The article deals with the problems of war and post-war Europe and the role of Sweden in the European relations in this period. The Petsamo-Kirkenes offensive and the Soviet Union military advance into northern Norway revealed the new situation when Sweden’s neutrality began to shift from adaption to Germany towards a more pro-allied stance. In these circumstances the Swedish neutrality was under the severe test: some of the cabinet ministers worried that this opportunistic shift in neutrality policy would affect the country’s international image after the war. Yet the reality imposed its conditions. This applied to the Sweden’s efforts to get Finland out of the war, reception of refugees from Finnish and Norwegian territories, ferrying wounded German soldiers across their territory. As the USSR had more military success in Lapland and Northern Norway in Swedish political and military circles increased fears about the future of the country and the post-war order. After the war, the Defense Staff stated, two antagonistic, global alliances would dominate the international system and it would be difficult for small powers like Sweden to remain neutral or independent in this environment. For Sweden to join any of the two great power blocs would obviously entail major risks. The creation of a Scandinavian defensive alliance was considered as an alternative to neutrality. Thus, it was the Petsamo-Kirkenes offensive and the advance of the USSR to the West that caused serious reflections in the political life of Sweden about the future, about how a small country should act and survive in the conditions of the continuing ideological conflict of the great powers.

Keywords
The Petsamo-Kirkenes offensive, The Second World War, Norway, Soviet Union, Swedish neutrality, diplomacy, The Swedish Red Cross
Received
12.03.2021
Publication date
16.08.2021
Number of characters
25978
Number of purchasers
3
Views
111
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 200 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for 2021

References

1. Albrigtsen R. Operation Sepals: heliga baser i Sverige. Stockholm: Sivarts, 2010.

2. Bagge G. Gösta Bagges minnesanteckningar. 2. 1942—1944 / ed. Kersti Blidberg & Alf W Johansson. Stockholm: Kungliga samfundet för utgivande av handskrifter rörande Skandinaviens historia, 2013.

3. Carlgren W. M. Svensk utrikespolitik 1929—1945. Stockholm: Allmänna förlaget, 1973

4. Grafström S. Anteckningar 1938—1944. Stockholm: Kungliga samfundet för utgivande av handskrifter rörande Skandinaviens historia, 1989.

5. Leifland L. ”Secret matters not so far disclosed”. Vårstormar 1944 / ed. Bo Huldt & Klaus-Richard Böhme. Stockholm: Probus, 1995

6. Palm T. “Evakueringen till Norrbotten 1944—1945” // Sveriges militära beredskap 1939—1945 / ed. Carl-Axel Wangel. Stockholm: Militärhistoriska förlaget, 1982

7. Riksdagens protokoll AK [Lower Chamber] 1944: 32.

8. Riksdagens protokoll FK [Upper Chamber] 1944: 32.

9. Samråd i krigstid. Utrikesutskottets memorialprotokoll 1940—1945 / ed. Lars Frykholm & Margareta Brundin. Stockholm: Sveriges riksdag, 2007.

10. Swedish Foreign Ministry [UD]. National Archives. Stockholm.

11. Waernberg J. Flygoperation Balchen: amerikanska flygningar i Sverige 1944—1945. Stockholm: Svensk flyghistorisk förening, 1995.

12. Åselius G. The Russian “Menace to Sweden”. The Belief System of a Small Power Security Elite in the Age of Imperialism. Stockholm: Almquist Wiksell International, 1994.

Comments

No posts found

Write a review
Translate