Again to the Question of the Specifics of Humanitarian Knowledge in the Light of the Issues of Comparative Civilizational Studies
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Again to the Question of the Specifics of Humanitarian Knowledge in the Light of the Issues of Comparative Civilizational Studies
Annotation
PII
S207987840016465-0-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840016465-0
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Yakov Shemyakin 
Affiliation: Institute of Latin American Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The author of the article aims to reveal the content of M. M. Bakhtin's statements about the specificity of the humanities in the light of the problems of comparative civilizational analysis in the context of modern cognitive research. The focus is on Bakhtin's idea that in the humanities the criterion is not the accuracy of cognition, but the depth of penetration. Acording to the author, the sense in which Bakhtin uses the term “depth” is the basis on which a man's process of creating his world unfolds. And this basis is nothing other than dialogical communication, which is treated as an analogue of the life process in the “world of people”. According to the author, the content of this communication is a polylogue of three paradigms of universal (heritage of archaic, the first “axial time” according to K. Jaspers and the second “axial time” - the era of modernization according to Sh. Eisenstadt and others) and local dimensions of any human existence at all levels ranging from the individual to civilization. Revealing the meaning of the second component of Bakhtin's original metaphor, the author emphasizes that we are talking about “penetration” into the spiritual space of the “Other”, i.e. another participant of the dialogue. In this case the depth of penetration into the “other” human reality presupposes the maximum possible completeness of coverage of this reality. Therefore, the criterion of the depth of penetration into the “Other” is the degree of coverage of all the basic dimensions (levels) of its structure. The author analyzes this structure, highlighting its main components.

Keywords
metaphor, dialogue, polylogue, universal, local, background knowledge, faith, ratio, symbol, allegory
Received
22.07.2021
Publication date
15.09.2021
Number of characters
67195
Number of purchasers
2
Views
171
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 200 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for 2021

References

1. Averintsev S. S. Simvol // Kratkaya literaturnaya ehntsiklopediya. M., 1972. T. 7.

2. Bakhtin M. M. Dialog II // Bakhtin M.M. Sobranie sochinenij. T. 5. Raboty 1940-kh — nachala 1960-kh gg. M.: Russkie slovari, 1997.

3. Bakhtin M. M. K filosofskim osnovam gumanitarnykh nauk // Bakhtin M.M. Sobranie sochinenij. T. 5. Raboty 1940-kh — nachala 1960-kh godov. M.: Russkie slovari, 1997.

4. Bakhtin M. M. Chelovek v mire slova. M., 1995.

5. Bakhtin M. M. Ehstetika slovesnogo tvorchestva. M.: Iskusstvo, 1986.

6. Veber M. Izbrannye proizvedeniya. M.: Progress, 1990.

7. Verstin I. S. Pervobytnaya mental'nost' v konstruktsiyakh sovremennogo «iskusstvennogo intellekta». M.: Lenand, 2019.

8. Gadamer Kh. G. Istina i metod. Osnovy filosofskoj germenevtiki. M.: Progress, 1988.

9. Gajdenko P. P. Proryv k transtsendentnomu: Novaya ontologiya KhKh v. M.: Respublika, 1997.

10. Dekart R. Izbrannye proizvedeniya. M., 1950.

11. Ivanov Vyach. Vs. Do — vo vremya — posle? // Ivanov Vyach. Vs. Izbrannye trudy po semiotike i istorii kul'tury. T. V: Mifologiya i fol'klor. M., 2009.

12. Ivanov Vyach. Vs., Toporov V. N. Slavyanskaya mifologiya // Mify narodov mira. Ehntsiklopediya. V 2 t. M.: Sov. Ehntsiklopediya. T. 2.

13. Kasimov R. Kh. Lokal'nye tsivilizatsii v gorizonte yazyka: metafora i intentsional'nost': Avtoref. dis. … d-ra filos. nauk. Tyumen': Tyumenskij gosudarstvennyj universitet, 2019.

14. Kognitivnye nauki i istoricheskoe poznanie / pod red. O. V. Vorob'evoj i G. I. Zverevoj. M.: Akvilon, 2020.

15. Lakoff Dzh., Dzhonson M. Metafory, kotorymi my zhivem. M.: Editorial URSS, 2004.

16. Lotman Yu. M., Uspenskij B. A. Mif-imya-kul'tura // Trudy po znakovym sistemam. Sb. VI. Vyp. 308. Tartu, 1973.

17. Odissej: chelovek v istorii 2007: Istoriya kak igra metafor: metafory istorii, obschestva i politiki. M.: Nauka, 2007.

18. Ortega-i-Gasset, Kh. Ehstetika. Filosofiya kul'tury. M.: Iskusstvo, 1991.

19. Ot beregov Bosfora do beregov Evfrata. Antologiya blizhnevostochnoj literatury I tysyacheletiya n. eh. M., 1994.

20. Pomerants G. S. Velikie natsii zhivut mirovymi zadachami // Zapadniki i natsionalisty: vozmozhen li dialog? M.: OGI, 2003.

21. Ponyatie very v raznykh yazykakh i kul'turakh. Lingvokul'turologicheskie issledovaniya. Logicheskij analiz yazyka. M.: Gnozis, 2019.

22. Radbil' T. B. Vera kak osnova mirovospriyatiya i miroponimaniya v russkoj yazykovoj kartine mira // Ponyatie very v raznykh yazykakh i kul'turakh. Lingvokul'turologicheskie issledovaniya. Logicheskij analiz yazyka. M.: Gnozis, 2019.

23. Rashkovskij E. B. «Na zemle zhivykh»: Sud'by i znachenie tsivilizatsionnogo diskursa v istorii mysli i praktiki // Tsivilizatsii v globaliziruyuschemsya mire. Predvaritel'nye itogi mezhdistsiplinarnogo proekta. M.: IMEhMO RAN, 2009.

24. Sossyur F. de. Zametki po obschej lingvistike. M., 1990.

25. Stajner Dzh. Posle Vavilonskogo smesheniya. Voprosy yazyka i perevoda. M.: MTsNMO, 2020.

26. Toporov V. N. Mirovoe derevo: Universal'nye znakovye kompleksy. T. 1-2. M.: Rukopisnye pamyatniki Drevnej Rusi, 2010.

27. Toporov V. N. Svyatost' i svyatye v russkoj dukhovnoj kul'ture. Tom II. Tri veka khristianstva na Rusi (XII—XIV vv.). M.: Shkola «Yazyki russkoj kul'tury», 1998.

28. Uajt Kh. Metaistoriya: istoricheskoe voobrazhenie v Evrope XIX veka. Ekaterinburg: Izd-vo Ural'skogo universiteta, 2002.

29. Shemyakin Ya. G. Vera i ratsio v dukhovnom kosmose latinoamerikanskoj tsivilizatsii // Latinskaya Amerika. 2007. № 3.

30. Shemyakin Ya. G. Global'noe, universal'noe, lokal'noe: sootnoshenie ponyatij i sootnoshenie real'nostej // Tsivilizatsionnye vyzovy vo vsemirno-istoricheskoj perspektive. M.: Akvilon, 2018.

31. Shemyakin Ya. G. Evropa i Latinskaya Amerika: Vzaimodejstvie tsivilizatsij v kontekste vsemirnoj istorii. M.: Nauka, 2001.

32. Shemyakin Ya. G. K voprosu o metodologii tsivilizatsionnykh issledovanij // Tsivilizatsii. Vyp. 9. Tsivilizatsiya kak ideya i issledovatel'skaya praktika. M.: Nauka. 2009.

33. Shemyakin Ya. G. Konflikt interesov i konflikt tsennostej. Migratsionnaya problematika v kontekste problemy tsivilizatsionnoj identichnosti // Tsivilizatsionnye vyzovy vo vsemirno-istoricheskoj perspektive. M.: Akvilon, 2018.

34. Shemyakin Ya. G. O «stenakh» i «mostakh» v prostranstve kul'tury. Zametki na polyakh knigi Mishelya Ehspanya «Istoriya tsivilizatsij kak kul'turnyj transfer» // Perspektivy. 2020. № 3.

35. Shemyakin Ya. G. Paradoks kak kognitivnaya osnova tsivilizatsionnogo issledovaniya. K voprosu o roli predposylochnogo znaniya // Obschestvennye nauki i sovremennost'. 2020. № 4.

36. Shemyakin Ya. G. Subehkumeny i «pogranichnye» tsivilizatsii v sravnitel'no-istoricheskoj perspektive: o kharaktere sootnosheniya Yazyka, Teksta i Shrifta. Stat'ya 1 // Obschestvennye nauki i sovremennost'. 2014. № 2.

37. Shemyakin Ya. G. Subehkumeny i «pogranichnye» tsivilizatsii v sravnitel'no-istoricheskoj perspektive: o kharaktere sootnosheniya Yazyka, Teksta i Shrifta. Stat'ya 2 // Obschestvennye nauki i sovremennost'. 2014. № 3.

38. Shemyakin Ya. G. Fenomen «pogranichnosti»: sotsiokul'turnoe soderzhanie i istoricheskie tipy // Dialog so vremenem. Al'manakh intellektual'noj istorii. M.: IVI RAN, 2013.

39. Shemyakin Ya. G., Shemyakina O. D. Latinoamerikanskij karnaval i karnavalizovannye formy russkoj kul'tury // Latinskaya Amerika. 2008. № 5.

40. Shemyakin Ya. G., Shemyakina O. D. Rossiya — Evraziya: spetsifika formoobrazovaniya v usloviyakh tsivilizatsionnogo pogranich'ya. Stat'ya 2 // Obschestvennye nauki i sovremennost'. 2004. № 5.

41. Shemyakin Ya. G., Shemyakina O. D. Sootnoshenie very i ratsio v tsivilizatsionnom «pogranich'e»: rossijskie paralleli latinoamerikanskogo opyta // Latinskaya Amerika, 2007. № 11.

42. Scherbakova T. I. Arkhaika i vremya // Aktual'nye problemy izucheniya arkhaiki: materialy teoreticheskogo seminara «Teoriya i metodologiya arkhaiki» 1996—2012 gg. SPb.: MAEh RAN, 2014.

43. Boyer P. The Naturalness of Religious Ideas. Berkley: University of California Press, 1994.

44. Heidegger M. Sein und Zeit. Tübingen, 1960.

Comments

No posts found

Write a review
Translate