Pilgrimage to the Holy Land and Religious Diplomacy of USSR during the Cold War
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Pilgrimage to the Holy Land and Religious Diplomacy of USSR during the Cold War
Annotation
PII
S207987840015404-3-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840015404-3
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Victoria Gerasimova 
Affiliation: Dostoevsky Omsk State University
Address: Russian Federation, Omsk
Abstract

The paper deals with the issue of organization of pilgrimage trips of representatives of the Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate to the Holy Land (Israel and Jordan) during the Cold War Era. The author argues that a number of foreign policy factors (primarily the struggle for Russian property and the tension of Soviet-Israeli relations) led to the opening of the opportunity to make Orthodox pilgrimage trips from the USSR to the Holy Land. The paper provides evidence that the Soviet government considered the possibility of regular dispatch of groups of Soviet pilgrims from among the “clergy and laity” already in 1956, whereas in reality the first group went only in 1964. Archpriest Mikhail Zernov's project on the restoration of pilgrimage trips from the USSR to the Holy Land that has not been analyzed before is introduced into academic circulation. The author examines the specifics of the composition of the pilgrim groups, and a description of pilgrims' activities, as well as the perception of the role of pilgrims by Soviet officials. The author comes to the conclusion that the establishment of the practice of sending pilgrim groups through the ROC MP became one of the USSR's foreign policy instruments in the Middle East, which provided an alternative to traditional diplomacy.

Keywords
pilgrimage, Russian Orthodox Church in the USSR, Holy Land, religious diplomacy, Russian Ecclesiastic Mission in Jerusalem, Mikhail Zernov
Received
13.09.2021
Publication date
15.09.2021
Number of characters
46381
Number of purchasers
2
Views
213
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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