The Role of Cinema in the Formation of Colonial Myth and Colonial Culture in 20th-Сentury France
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
The Role of Cinema in the Formation of Colonial Myth and Colonial Culture in 20th-Сentury France
Annotation
PII
S207987840014607-6-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840014607-6
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Velikhan Mirzekhanov 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article deals with the ideology of colonisation, the peculiarities of the development of French colonial culture in its heyday. It analyses the perception of colonial policy by various social strata of French society, examines the process of gradual transformation of colonial culture into a familiar element of public consciousness. Relying on the materials of the French cinema of the 21st century, the author shows how the colonial cinema found a style, format, and ideas that were accepted by the mass consciousness of the French with rapture. In this genre, “colonial culture has managed to successfully implement a dual dialectic: achievement in order to demonstrate the actions of the coloniser, and savagery in order to characterise the local population”. A simple and clear language of colonial cinema, which was present both on the screens and in the minds of millions of French people. The author concludes that the process of the formation of the French colonial empire led to the strengthening of French national identity at the expense of the Other, to the active rapprochement of the national and colonial. Yet, this alliance had its own limitation: the need to maintain a clear caesura between the colonised peoples and the inhabitants of the metropolis. It is obvious that this caesura, constantly maintained throughout the colonial period, was an organising one. The colonial idea was firmly rooted in French society and had penetrated it on every level. Being both ubiquitous and elusive, colonial culture shaped the mentality and collective consciousness of the French.

Keywords
French colonial Empire, ideas of superiority, colonial culture, colonial cinema, civilising mission, racial hierarchy, indigenous image, collective portrait, the realm of the imaginary, national identity
Received
26.11.2020
Publication date
15.04.2021
Number of characters
37122
Number of purchasers
4
Views
29
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2021
5000 RUB / 50.0 SU

References

1. Ageron Ch.-R. et all. Histoire de la France coloniale. P.: A. Colin, 1991. T. I—II.

2. Ageron Ch.-R. France coloniale ou parti coloniale? P.: PUF, 1978.

3. Andreu A. De L’État sauvage à Fort Saganne. Gu’il est beau mon legionnaire // L’Événement du jeudi. 1987.

4. Araib A. L’Image de l’Arabe dans le cinéma francais // Septième Art. 1985. № 52.

5. Bancel N., Blanchard P., Boëtsch G., Deroo E., Lemaire S. Zoos humains. De la Vénus hottentote aux reality shows. P. La Découverte, 2002.

6. Bancel N., Blanchard P., Vergès F. La République coloniale. Essai sur une utopie. P.: Albin Michel, 2003.

7. Ben Ammar H. Le Cinéma colonial en Tunisie // Septième Art. 1984. № 51.

8. Benali A. Le Cinéma colonial au Magheb. P.: Cerf, 1998.

9. Beylie C. La Bandera et la presse // L’Avant — Scène cinéma. 1982. № 285.

10. Blanchard P., Blanchoin S., Bancel N., Boëtsch G., Gerbaud H. Ľ Autre et Nous. Scènes et Types. P.: Achac/Syros, 1995.

11. Blanchard P., Lemaire S. Culture coloniale. P.: Éditions Autrement, 2003.

12. Boulanger P. Le cinéma colonial ou la réalité coloniale travestie // Cinéma. 1972. № 72. P. 56—60.

13. Cade M. De la casquette du père bugeaud aux moustaches du maréchal Lyautey // Les Cahiers de la Cinémathèque. 1993. № 49.

14. Chalaye S. Nègres en images. P.: ĽHarmattan, 2001.

15. Conklin A. Mission to Civilize. The Republican Idea of Empire in France and West Africa, 1895—1930. Stanford, 1997.

16. Cooper F., Stoler A. L. Between Metropole and Colony: Rethinking a Research Agenda // Tensions of Empire. Berkeley, 1997.

17. Dine P. Images of the Algerian War. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994.

18. El-Ftouh Y. L’Afrique dans les images coloniales // Écrans d Afrique. 1994. № 9—10.

19. El-Ftouh Y., Pinto M. L’image de l’Afrique dans le cinéma // Images et Colonies. P.: ACHAC/BDIC, 1993.

20. Garcon F. Une décolonisaton gui s’annonce difficile. Le cinema francais, le colon et le colonisé / Godet M. De Russie et d’aillers, feux croisés sur l’histoire. P.: IES, 1995. P. 105—114.

21. Gauthier G., Esnault P. Le cinéma clonial // Revue du cinéma. 1984. № 394.

22. Le Roy É. Le fonds cinématographigue colonial aux Archives du film et du dépôt légal du CNC (France) // Journal of Film Preservation. Cinéma colonial: patrimoine emprunté. 2001. № 63. R. 55—56.

23. Lefevre R. Le cinéma colonial: Images et Colonies. P.: ACHAC/BDIC,1993.

24. Magherbi A. Les Algériens au miroir du cinema colonial. Alger: SNED, 1982.

25. Morabito V. “L’Homme du Niger” et ses sources d’inspiration: romanciers et faits historiques / Mali — France: Regards sur une histoire partagée. Bamako; P.: GEMDEV — Université du Mali, 2005. P. 219—242.

26. Piault M.-H. L’exotisme et le cinema ethnographique: la rupture de La Croisière noire // Journal of Film Preservation. Cinéma colonial: patrimoine emprunté. 2001. № 63.

27. Saada E. Une nationalite par degre. Civilite et citoyennete en situation colonial / L’esclavage, la colonization, et après… France, Etats-Unis, Grande-Bretagne. P.: Presses Universitaires de France, 2005. P. 193—227.

28. Sherzer D. Cinema, Colonialism, Postcolonialism. Texas: University of Texas, 1995.

29. Tobing Rony F. The Third Eye. Race, Cinema and Ethnographic Spectacle. Durham: Duce University Press, 1996.

30. Ungar S. Leon Poirie’s l’Appel du silence and the Cult of Imperial France // Journal of Film Preservation. Cinéma colonial: patrimoine emprunté. 2001. № 63. P. 41—46.

31. Vergès F. Coloniser éduquer, guider: un devoir républicain // Blanchard P., Lemaire S. Culture coloniale. P.: Éditions Autrement, 2003. P. 192—193.

32. Yrzoala Meda J.-Cl. Le Cinéma colonial: les conditions de son développement // Écrans d’Afrique. 1994. № 9—10.

33. Anderson B. Voobrazhaemye soobschestva. Razmyshleniya ob istokakh i rasprostranenie natsionalizma / per. s angl. V. Nikolaeva. M.: «Kanon-press-Ts»; «Kuchkovo pole», 2001.

34. Gofman A. B. Ehlitizm i rasizm (kritika filosofsko-istoricheskikh vozzreniĭ A. de Gobino) // Rasy i narody. Vyp. 7. M., 1977. S. 128—142.

35. Mirzekhanov V. S. Evropejtsy v koloniyakh: stil' zhizni i osobennosti mentaliteta // Vestnik RGGU. Ser. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya. Zarubezhnoe regionovedenie». 2014. № 18 (140). S. 38—53.

36. Mirzekhanov V. S. XIX v. v mirovoj istorii (k vykhodu V toma «Vsemirnoj istorii») // Novaya i novejshaya istoriya. 2015. № 1.

37. Mirzekhanov V. The Supremacy Idea and Racial Hierarchy in the French Colonial Culture // ISTORIYA. 2014. Vol. 5. Issue 4 (27). URL: https://history.jes.su/s207987840000720-1-1/

38. Osterkhammel' Yu. Transformatsiya mira: Istoriya XIX v. Glavy iz knigi // Ab Imperio. 2011. № 3.