Preserving the “Russian cause” in Manchuria: Emigrants and the CER
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Preserving the “Russian cause” in Manchuria: Emigrants and the CER
Annotation
PII
S207987840014159-3-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840014159-3
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Maria Krotova 
Affiliation: Saint Petersburg State University of Economics
Address: Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg
Abstract

The article examines the role of Russian emigration in Manchuria in the operation of the China-Eastern Railway (CER) in the 1920—1940s on the basis of unpublished archival materials. Manchuria was a specific region of the Russian Diaspora, where special laws of life and survival operated. Hundreds of different organizations were organized here, but none of them could unite the Russian emigration. Meanwhile CER was considered by the emigrants not only as a place of employment and source of funds, but also as a political tool, the structural basis of the Russian colony in Manchuria, a special “Russian wealth” that was spent by the Russian Treasury. The article focuses on the work of emigrants on the railway after the Soviet-Chinese agreements of 1924, during the Japanese occupation of Manchuria, and in the post-war period on the China-Changchun railway. Analyzing life strategies through the prism of biographies, one can conclude about the double loyalty of emigrants in Manchuria, who were forced to compromise with the Soviet, Chinese and Japanese authorities in order to preserve the CER as a “Russian heritage”.

Keywords
Chinese Eastern railway (CER), China Changchun railway (CCR), Russian emigration, Manchuria, USSR
Received
16.01.2021
Publication date
28.02.2021
Number of characters
56548
Number of purchasers
3
Views
44
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2021
5000 RUB / 50.0 SU

References

1. Bocharova Z. S., Krotova M. V. Kharbinskij politekhnicheskij institut — tsentr russkoj nauki i obrazovaniya v Kitae (1920—1950-e gg.) // Vestnik RUDN. Seriya: Istoriya. 2019. T. 18. № 4. S. 779—803.

2. Krotova M. The Specifics of Russian Charity Traditions in Manchuria // ISTORIYA. 2020. Vol. 11. Issue 2 (88). URL: https://history.jes.su/s207987840008916-6-1/ DOI: 10.18254/S207987840008916-6

3. Krotova M. V. Stepan Vostrotin: sibirskij vzglyad iz ehmigratsii // Vestnik RUDN. Seriya: Istoriya Rossii. T. 17. № 1. 2018. S. 32—49.

4. Smirnov S. V. Pod'em i upadok Dal'nevostochnogo otdela Russkogo Obsche-Voinskogo Soyuza (1930-e gg.) // Izvestiya Ural'skogo federal'nogo universiteta. Seriya 2. Gumanitarnye nauki. 2015. T. 145. № 4. S. 178—191.

5. Chia Yin Hsu. Railroad Technocracy, Extraterritoriality, and Imperial Lieux de Mémoire in Russian Émigrés’ Manchuria, 1920—1930s // Ab Imperio 2011. № 4. 2011. S. 59—105.