Retro Orientation in Russian Political Perception: the Experience of Political and Psychological Research
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Retro Orientation in Russian Political Perception: the Experience of Political and Psychological Research
Annotation
PII
S207987840013818-8-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840013818-8
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Natalia Smulkina 
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article examines the results of an empirical study on the perception of modern politics in Russian society. The author's attention is focused on the study of the manifestations of retro orientations in the Russian perception of politics of the present and past. Various psychological phenomena and states of the Russian mass political consciousness (political images, fears, expectations) are considered taking into account the trends in the formation of ideas about the past. Studied the retro orientations of Russians, manifested in the images of the country, political power, leaders, in assessing the status of the Russian state in the world arena. In his research, the author relies on a political and psychological approach, uses survey methods in combination with projective techniques. As a result of the analysis of the data obtained, several major trends in modern political perception were identified: the mythologization of images of the past, the personification of retro orientations of political perception, the demand for morality and the value of justice, the symbolic fragmentation of retro orientations and their sensitivity to information discourse, generational peculiarities of the perception of the past. Young Russians under thirty were more characterized by a fragmented, symbolically poor perception of history, the perception of modern Russian history as “an endlessly lasting present”. The observed features are explained by both the age factor and the specificity of political socialization of different generations. According to the data obtained, the modern Russian mass consciousness tends to perceive time as a nonlinear state with control points in the form of separate, unrelated events. A kind of “pressing of historical periods” in the perceptions of Russians was revealed. Retro orientation to the period of Soviet and especially post-Soviet Russia in political perception formed more meaningful, but at the same time unbalanced political images in terms of attractiveness, value orientations, and interpretive assessments of events. The study made it possible to test the conceptual model proposed by the author, to prove its research potential.

Keywords
retro orientation, image of the past, political perception, national and state identity, psychological state of society, political expectations, political fears, political and psychological analysis
Received
24.08.2020
Publication date
31.01.2021
Number of characters
60199
Number of purchasers
1
Views
54
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0.0 (0 votes)
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