Modern Criticism of Earlier Heraldic Sources
Table of contents
Modern Criticism of Earlier Heraldic Sources
Publication type
Daria Staroskolskaia (Ryzhova) 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow

The main concern of the article is the reevaluation of significance and potential of earlier heraldic textual sources. In opposition to “classic” views of purposes and authorship of first armorials, narrative sources of non-heraldic character may change our ideas of heraldic environment of the 13th century. The fact that correct blazon can be found in a number of poems and romances can be interpreted as a proof that heraldic knowledge was available not only to heralds, as it is now widely accepted, but also to the poets who could use it for their literary goals. And what is of more importance it suggests that the audience was able to perceive the blazon in the text and probably it was their demand.

heraldry, coat of arms, blazon, 13th century, medieval romance, Chrétien de Troyes, Huon de Mery, Jacque Bretel
Publication date
Number of characters
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 200 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article and additional services
Whole issue and additional services
All issues and additional services for 2020


1. Pasturo M. Simvolicheskaya istoriya evropejskogo srednevekov'ya. M., 2012.

2. Ryzhova D. S. Geral'dika v romanakh Kret'ena de Trua // Srednie veka. 2018. Vyp. 79 (1).

3. Ryzhova D. S. O yazyke anglijskikh gerbovnikov XIII v. // Srednie veka. 2017. Vyp. 78 (1—2).

4. Ryzhova D. S. Vliyanie tserkovnogo zapreta turnirov na razvitie geral'diki v XII—XIII vv. // Izvestiya Saratovskogo universiteta. Novaya ser. Ser. Istoriya. Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya. 2017. T. 17. Vyp. 1.

5. Staroskolskaia (Ryzhova) D. Metals in French and Anglo-Norman Heraldic Vocabulary of the 12th — 13th Centuries // ISTORIYA. 2014. Vol. 5. Issue 8. URL:

6. Staroskol'skaya D. S. Rasprostranenie blazona kak spetsial'nogo yazyka geral'diki v anglijskikh i frantsuzskikh tekstakh XII—XIII vv.: Diss. ... kand. ist. nauk. M., 2020.

7. Tkachenko A. A. O chem sporili klyunijtsy i tsistertsiantsy? Sotsiokul'turnoe znachenie tsveta odezhd srednevekovykh monakhov // Srednie veka. 2010. Vyp. 71 (1—2).

8. Chernykh A. P. Frantsuzskoe gerbovedenie v XX v. // Signum / otv. red. A. P. Chernykh. M., 2011. Vyp. 6.

9. Adam-Even P. Les usages héraldiques au milieu du XIIe siècle d’après le Roman de Troie de Benoit de Sainte Maure et la littérature contemporaine // Archivum heraldicum. 1963.

10. Adam-Even P. Rôle d’armes de l’ost de Flandre. Archivum Heraldicum. 1959. Vol. 73.

11. Adam-Even P. Un armorial français au milieu du XIII siècle: le rôle d’armes Bigot. 1254 // Archives Héraldiques Suisses. 1949.

12. Adam-Even P., Jéquier L. Un armorial français du XIIIe siècle: l’armorial Wijnberghen // Archives Héraldiques Suisses. 1951.

13. Berlin B., Kay P. Basic color terms: their universality and evolution. Berkeley and Los Angeles (California), 1969.

14. Bouly de Lesdain L. Études héraldiques sur le XIIe siècle // Annuaire du Conseil héraldique de France. Paris, 1907.

15. Boutell Ch. A Manual of Heraldry: Historical and Popular. L., 1863.

16. Brault G. J. Early Blazon: heraldic terminology in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries with special reference to Arthurian literature. Oxford, 1972.

17. Brault G. J. Rolls of Arms: Edward I (1272—1307). Aspilogia III. Woodbridge, Suffolk, 1977. Vol. 1—2.

18. Denholm-Young N. History and Heraldry: 1254 to 1310. Oxford, 1965.

19. Fox-Davis A. A Complete Guide to Heraldry. L., 1909.

20. Guillim J. A Display of Heraldry. L., 1611.

21. Hiltmann T. Heralds are not heraldry, heraldry not heralds: On the benefits of clear distinctions //Heraldica Nova: Medieval and Early Modern Heraldry from the Perspective of Cultural History. URL: (data obrascheniya: 13.03.2020).

22. London H. S. et al. Rolls of Arms of Henry III (Aspilogia II). L., 1957.

23. Pastaureau M. Les armoiries arthuriennes // The Manuscripts of Chrétien de Troyes. Amsterdam, 1993. Vol. 2.

24. Pastoureau M. Noir: Histoire d’une couleur. Paris, 2011.

25. Pastoureau M. Traité d’héraldique. Paris, 1993.

26. Prinet M. Le language héraldique dans le Tournoiement Antéchrist // Bibliothèque de l’École des chartres. 1922. T. 83.

27. Prinet M. Les armoiries des Français dans le poèms du siège de Carlaverock // Bibliothèque de l’Ecole des Chartes. 1931. Vol. 92.

28. Staroskolskaia D. Heraldic Blazon in Tournoi de Chauvency, 1285 // Ehlektronnyj nauchno-obrazovatel'nyj zhurnal «Istoriya». 2019. T. 10. Vyp. 4 (78) [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. Dostup dlya zaregistrirovannykh pol'zovatelej. URL: (data obrascheniya: 20.04.2020).

29. Tremlett T. D. et al. The Matthew Paris Shields. Rolls of Arms of Henry III. Aspilogia II. L., 1967.

30. Wagner A. A catalogue of English mediaeval rolls of arms (CEMRA) (Aspilogia I). L., 1950.


No posts found

Write a review