From the Republic to the Principate: the Stages of Political Development of Italian Cities in the 13th — 15th Centuries
Table of contents
From the Republic to the Principate: the Stages of Political Development of Italian Cities in the 13th — 15th Centuries
Publication type
Lidia Bragina 
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow

The article examines the stages of evolution of the systems of government in the cities of Northern and Central Italy in the High Middle Ages. Changes in the government structures are traced from the era of communes and the phase of the city-states to the time of raise of Signoria and the Principate. The evolution of the forms of political structure is linked to socio-economic changes in the cities of Italy and the growth of political activity of citizens. As shown in the article, the Republican system of government failed to ensure social stability in the Italian city-States, which led to the establishment of the Signoria opened the way to autocracy. In Italy, medieval polycentrism was most clearly manifested, but it played an important role in the birth of humanism and the flourishing of Renaissance culture.

Italian cities, commune, signoria, republic, government system
Publication date
Number of characters
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
5.0 (1 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2020
1200 RUB / 20.0 SU


1. Bek K. Istoriya Venetsii. M., 2002.

2. Bragina L. M. Osobennosti politicheskoj struktury ital'yanskikh gorodov-gosudarstv // Vlast' i politicheskaya kul'tura v srednevekovoj Evrope. M., 1992. Ch. 1. S. 296—311.

3. Bragina L. M. Srednevekovyj gorod Italii // Gorod v srednevekovoj tsivilizatsii Zapadnoj Evropy. M., 1999. T. 1: Fenomen srednevekovogo urbanizma. S. 42—60.

4. Rutenburg V. I. Ital'yanskij gorod ot rannego srednevekov'ya do Vozrozhdeniya. L., 1987.

5. Rutenburg V. I. Narodnye dvizheniya v gorodakh Italii (XIV — nachalo XV vv). M.; L., 1958.

6. Bertelli S. Il potere oligarchico nello stato-città medievale. Firenze, 1978.

7. Bordone. R. La società urbana nell’ Italia (secoli XI—XIV). Torino, 1984.

8. Brezzi P. I comuni medievali nella storia d’Italia. Torino, 1968.

9. Cessi R. Storia della Repubblica di Venezia. Firenze, 1982.

10. Chittolini G. La crisi degli ordinamenti communali e le origini dello stato del Rinascimento. Bologna, 1979.

11. Franceschi F., Taddei I. Le città italiane nel Medioevo XII — XIV secolo. Milano, 2019.

12. Grillo P. Milano in età comunale (1183—1276). Instituzioni, società, economia. Spoleto, 2009.

13. Tenenti A. Firenze dal Comune al Lorenzo il Magnifico. 1350—1499. Milano, 1970.

14. Visconti A. Storie di Milano. Milano, 1969.

15. Waley D. The Italian city-republic. L., 1969.

16. Zorzi A. Le signorie cittadine in Italia (secoli XIII—XV). Milano, 2010.