Ingrid Jonker and Apartheid in South Africa
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Ingrid Jonker and Apartheid in South Africa
Annotation
PII
S207987840011063-8-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840011063-8
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Maria Kurbak 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article is devoted to the life and work of the South African poetess Ingrid Jonker. Jonker’s biography is viewed against the backdrop of historical events related to the establishment of the apartheid system in South Africa, increased censorship, the atmosphere of repression and despair, and increasingly tense relations between writers and authorities. Ingrid Jonker was part of a group of so-called “Sixties” (Sestigers), innovator writers who challenged existing literary canons and social norms. Ingrid Jonker 's opposition to the punitive policy of the apartheid, to the desire of Afrikaners to protect their identity by destroying the identity of other peoples, led to the breakdown of her relationship with her father, Member of Parliament and advocate of the apartheid. This tragedy was intensified by the excruciating "love triangle" with writers Andre Brink and Jack Cope, and the disappointment of travelling to Europe, where Jonker suffered from loneliness and longing for her homeland. But when she returned to South Africa, she failed to adapt to life in a society of total injustice, fear, despair, shame for the crimes of her own people and the impossibility of simply giving it up... Ingrid Jonker’s biography is also a story about the “disconnection” of the South African society of the 1950s — 1960s. About how the authoritarian regime leads to the development of a “sick” society, generates paranoia, madness, “doublethink”, dualism of the soul. It generates a poet for whom death becomes the only way to remain faithful to his conscience.

Keywords
South Africa, apartheid, Sestigers, South African literature, Ingrid Jonker
Received
19.07.2020
Publication date
30.09.2020
Number of characters
62054
Number of purchasers
7
Views
89
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2020
1200 RUB / 20.0 SU

References

1. Breytenbach B. A Season in Paradise, transl. Rike Vaughan. N. Y., 1980.

2. Breytenbach B. True Confessions of an Albino Terrorist. N. Y., 1985.

3. Brink A. A Fork in the Road. A Memoir. L., 2009.

4. Coetzee A. Afrikaans Literature in the Service of Ethnic Politics? // Afrikaans Literature: Recollection, Redefinition, Restitution. Papers held at the 7th Conference on South African Literature at the Protestant Academy, Bad Ball / ed. R. Kruger and E. Kruger. Amsterdam, 1996.

5. Coetzee J. M. Giving Offence: Essays on Censorship. Chicago, 1996.

6. Cope M. Intricacy: A meditation on Memory. Mishawaka, 2005.

7. Fugard A. Hitting the Big Time — Mourning Jonker and Nakasa [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://sthp.saha.org.za/memorial/articles/hitting_the_big_time_mourning_jonker_and_nakasa.htm (data obrascheniya: 26.07.2020).

8. Giliomee H. The Last Afrikaner Leaders. A Supreme Test of Power. Cape Town, 2012.

9. Jones J. D. F. Storyteller: The many Lives of Laurens J. van der Post. L., 2001

10. Kaufman S. J. Nationalist passions. Ithaca, 2015.

11. Krog A. Should power listen to poetry? // The Guardian. 26.09.2012 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.theguardian.com/books/2012/sep/26/antjie-krog-should-power-listen-to-poetry (data obrascheniya: 26.07.2020).

12. McDonald P. The Literature Police: Apartheid Censorship and Its Cultural Consequences. Oxford, 2009.

13. Metelerkam P. Ingrid Jonker: ‘n Biografie. Kindle ed. Cape Town, 2018.

14. Metelerkamp P. Ingrig Jonker: a poet’s life. Hermanus, 2012.

15. Publications and Entertainments Act // Statutes of The Republic of South Africa 1963 with Alphabetical Table of Contents and Table of Laws, Etc., Repealed or Amended by These Statutes. Part I. Nos. 1—60.

16. Rive R. Writing Black. Cape Town, 1981.

17. Switching Languages: Translingual Writers Reflect on Their Craft / ed. Kellman S. G. L., 2003.

18. Van der Merwe L. M. Gesprekke oor Ingrid Jonker. Stellenbosch, 2006.

19. Viljoen L. Ingrid Jonker: Poet Under Apartheid. Athens, 2012.

20. Istoriya Afriki v dokumentakh: V 3 t. M., 2007.