Causes of the 1990—1994 Civil War in the Interpretation of the Rwandan History Schoolbooks and Programs
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Causes of the 1990—1994 Civil War in the Interpretation of the Rwandan History Schoolbooks and Programs
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Ivan Krivushin 
Affiliation: National Research University Higher School of Economics
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow

The article discusses the interpretation of national history in the Rwandan history schoolbooks and curricula of the mid-2000s — late 2010s. The author analyses the way of describing the causes of the civil war of 1990—1994, a key issue in the twenty-five year debates about the main culprits of the 1994 genocide. The study shows that despite the joint US-Rwandan research team’s attempt in 2006 to develop a conceptual framework for interpreting national history in secondary schools, based on a critical evaluation of past events, the further history curriculum development was subordinated to the Rwandan politics of memory, to the RPF government’s desire to impose its version of national history on society in order to achieve “national reconciliation”.

Rwanda, politics of memory, schoolbooks, curricula, the 1990—1994 civil war
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