Some Aspects of German Colonial Policy in the 1880—1890s (Based on the Foreign Policy Archive of the Russian Empire Documents)
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Some Aspects of German Colonial Policy in the 1880—1890s (Based on the Foreign Policy Archive of the Russian Empire Documents)
Annotation
PII
S207987840011045-8-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840011045-8
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Anna Matveeva 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article deals with the problem of transition of the leadership of the German Empire to an active colonial policy at the very end of the 19th century, examines its domestic and foreign policy grounds. The author concludes that German colonial policy at least in the 1890s was based on the “struggle for Europe”, that is to say building relations with Great Britain and Russia, making attempts to enter the regions they control in order to get effective arguments in building relations with these powers, and after 1907 with the Entente as a whole. Labour question and the struggle against the strengthening of social democracy were most important domestic political motives to start an active colonial policy. On the basis of colonialism government was able to take attention off, divert the destructive energy of the proletariat. Social Democrats were ready to support colonial expansion activities in the Reichstag. Events that could lead to the strengthening of the global prestige of Germany, led to the consensus of the positions of political parties. This became one of the main reasons for the transition of the imperial government to “Weltpolitik”.

Keywords
German Empire, colonial policy, H. von Hohenlohe, B. Bülow, «Weltpolitik», fleet construction, A. Tirpitz
Received
09.07.2020
Publication date
30.09.2020
Number of characters
45058
Number of purchasers
7
Views
80
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2020
1200 RUB / 20.0 SU

References

1. Voznyak V. G. U istokov kolonial'noj politiki Germanii (1871—1882) // Ezhegodnik germanskoj istorii 1987. M., 1988. S. 65—82.

2. Dudarev V. Otto Von Bismarck and Milestones of the Inner-German Confrontation // ISTORIYA. 2015. Vol. 6. Issue 11. URL: https://history.jes.su/s207987840001372-8-1 DOI: 10.18254/S0001372-8-1

3. Dudarev V. S. Vneshnyaya politika Germanii i politicheskie priemy diplomatii Otto fon Bismarka // Voprosy istorii. 2018. № 4. S. 88—99.

4. Matveeva A. G. Kantsler Kaprivi i polyaki. Novyj kurs v politike Germanii (1890—1894). M., 2008.

5. Matveeva A. G. Politika pravitel'stva Kaprivi v sfere prepodavaniya pol'skogo yazyka v Poznan'skoj provintsii v 1890—1894 gg. // Slavyanovedenie. 2000. № 3. S. 71—80.

6. Pukhovskaya E. Yu. Kolonial'naya ideya v kajzerovskoj Germanii: Zamysly i voploschenie. Irkutsk, 2001.

7. Said Eh. V. Orientalizm. Zapadnye kontseptsii Vostoka / per. s angl. A. V. Govorunova. SPb., 2006

8. Troyan S. S. Politicheskaya bor'ba v Germanii po voprosam kolonial'noj politiki v Afrike v 1871—1890 gg. Uzhgorod, 1990.

9. Tupolev B. M. Vosstanie Madzhi-Madzhi. Stanovlenie i krizis germanskogo kolonial'nogo pravleniya v Vostochnoj Afrike (v soavt.). M., 1991.

10. Tupolev B. M. Germanskij imperializm v bor'be za «mesto pod solntsem»: Germanskaya ehkspansiya na Blizhnem Vostoke, v Vost. Afrike i v rajone Indijskogo okeana v kontse XIX — nachale KhKh vv. M., 1991.

11. Tupolev B. M. Zapadnogermanskaya istoriografiya kolonial'noj politiki Germanii v Afrike v kontse XIX — nachale KhKh vv.// Ezhegodnik germanskoj istorii 1974. M., 1974. S. 296—315.

12. Tupolev B. M. Ehkspansiya germanskogo imperializma v Yugo-Vostochnoj Evrope v kontse XIX — nachale KhKh vv. M., 1970.

13. Fokin S. V. Bagdadskaya zheleznaya doroga – novyj vektor v kolonial'noj politike Germanii // Professor Grigorij Bondarevskij i ego nauchnaya shkola vostokovedov-mezhdunarodnikov. M., 2011.

14. Fokin S. V. «Drang nakh Afrika»: kolonial'naya politika Germanii (konets XIX — 30-e gg. XX veka). M., 2003.

15. Fokin S. V. Kolonial'naya politika Germanii v 1871—1941 gg. Avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskanie uchenoj stepeni doktora istoricheskikh nauk. M., 2004.

16. Canstatt O. Fürst Bismarcks kolonialpolitische Initiative. Berlin, 1908.

17. Conrad S. Deutsche Kolonialgeschichte. München, 2019.

18. Kienemann Ch. Der koloniale Blick gen Osten: Osteuropa im Diskurs des Deutschen Kaiserreiches von 1871. Paderborn, 2018.

19. Schneider D. Die Flottenpolitik im Deutschen Kaiserreich, 1890er Jahre bis zum Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkrieges. München, 2009.

20. Stuhlmacher W. Bismarcks Kolonialpolitik nach den Aktenveröffentlichungen des auswӓrtigen Amtes. Halle (Saale), 1927.

21. Wehler H.-U. Bismarck und der Imperialismus. Köln u. a., 1969.