Strokes to the Social Portrait of a Russian Female Criminal of the 1730s
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Strokes to the Social Portrait of a Russian Female Criminal of the 1730s
Annotation
PII
S207987840010612-2-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840010612-2
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Anastasia Vidnichuk 
Affiliation: Higher School of Economics
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article attempts to reconstruct a social portrait of a Russian female criminal of the 1730s on the basis of a set of judicial and investigative documentation. The self-identification of female criminals and information about their lifestyle from questioning speeches (rassprosnye rechi) often do not coincide with traditional views on the structure of society at that time. The article analyzes these inconsistencies, and also reveals women of which social groups most often committed crimes and what their motives were. As the study demonstrated, the social portrait of a female criminal of the 1730s wore blurred features. The reason of this was, on the one hand, in the problem of self-determination of women, who did not always know exactly what category they should belong to, and, on the other hand, in more general problems associated with the process of social reorganization of Russian society, which was unable to respond quickly to the numerous reforms proposed to (and partly imposed on) it by Peter I.

Keywords
social group, Investigative Chancellery (Sysknoy prikaz), gender history, Russia of the 18th century, criminality
Received
08.06.2020
Publication date
30.07.2020
Number of characters
31534
Number of purchasers
4
Views
89
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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