English Urban Communities of Early Modern Times Fighting against the Witchcraft
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
English Urban Communities of Early Modern Times Fighting against the Witchcraft
Annotation
PII
S207987840010611-1-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840010611-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Olga Togoeva 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article analyzes a series of English demonological pamphlets of the 16th — 17th centuries. Their study leads the author to the conclusion that the procedure adopted in English judicial proceedings for “watching” suspects was used not only by judges or witch hunters, but also by ordinary citizens. Tracking a “witch” or a “sorcerer” in everyday life (their social circle, relationships in the family and with people around them, their professional activities and leisure), searching their homes and even testing them with the help of ordeals (God’s judgment) could become the business of all local residents. The “watching” procedure thus became the foundation on which the self-identification of the urban community was built. It allowed true Christians to unite against their main enemies — the devil and his followers.

Keywords
England, 16th — 17th centuries, demonological pamphlets, urban community, witch hunt, legal proceedings
Received
01.06.2020
Publication date
30.07.2020
Number of characters
37877
Number of purchasers
4
Views
118
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2020
1200 RUB / 20.0 SU

References

1. Igina Yu. F. Izobrazhaya ved'mu: ikonografiya ved'm v anglijskoj pamfletnoj literature rannego Novogo vremeni // Odissej. Chelovek v istorii — 2010/2011. M., 2012. S. 199—241.

2. Igina Yu. F. Vedovstvo i ved'my v Anglii. Antropologiya zla. SPb., 2009.

3. Seregina A. Yu. Gendernye i konfessional'nye aspekty anglijskoj demonologii XVI—XVII vv.: lankasterskie ved'my (1612 g.) // Adam i Eva. Al'manakh gendernoj istorii. 2010. Vyp. 18. S. 84—101.

4. Seregina A. Yu. Obretenie golosa. Zhenschiny anglijskogo katolicheskogo soobschestva XVI—XVII vv. M.; SPb., 2020.

5. Togoeva O. I. Ordaliya // Pravoslavnaya ehntsiklopediya. T. 53. M., 2019. S. 104—106.

6. Bennett H. S. English Books and Readers, 1475 to 1557. Cambridge, 1970.

7. Briggs R. Witches and Neighbours. The Social and Cultural Context of European Witchcraft. L., 1996.

8. Cabell C. Witchfinder General. The Biography of Matthew Hopkins. Gloucestershire, 2006.

9. Davis S. F. Introduction // The Discovery of Witches and Witchcraft. P. VII—XX.

10. Early Modern Witches. Witchcraft Cases in Contemporary Writing / ed. by M. Gibson. L.; N. Y., 2000.

11. Gaskill M. Witchfinders. A Seventeenth-Century English Tragedy. L., 2005.

12. Gaule J. Selecte Cases of Conscience Touching Witches and Witchcraft. L., 1646.

13. Gauvard Cl. Paris, le Parlement et la sorcellerie au milieu du XVe siècle // Finances, pouvoirs et mémoire. Mélanges offerts à Jean Favier / ed. par J. Kerhervé et A. Rigaudière. P., 1999. Vol. 1. P. 85—111.

14. Gauvard Cl. Renommée d’être sorcières: quatre femmes devant le prêvot de Paris en 1390—1391 // Milieux naturels, espaces sociaux: Etudes offertes à Robert Delort. P., 1997. P. 703—716.

15. Gibson M. Reading Witchcraft: Stories of Early English Witches. L.; N. Y., 1999.

16. Hopkins M. Certaine Queries answered, which have been and are likely to be objected against Matthew Hopkins, in his way of finding out Witches // The Discovery of Witches and Witchcraft. The writings of witchfinders Matthew Hopkins and John Stearne / ed. by S. F. Davis. L., 2007. P. 3—8.

17. Johnstone N. The Devil and Demonism in Early Modern England. Cambridge, 2006.

18. La circulations des nouvelles au Moyen Age. XXIVe Congrès de la S.H.M.E.S. Avignon, juin 1993. Rome, 1994.

19. Maxwell-Stuart P. G. Witch Hunters. Professional Prickers, Unwitchers and Witch Finders of the Renaissance. Stroud, 2003.

20. Millar Ch.-R. Witchcraft, the Devil, and Emotion in Early Modern England. L.; N. Y., 2017.

21. Ostorero M. Les marques du diable sur le corps des sorcières (XIVe — XVIIe siècles) // Micrologus. 2005. Vol. XIII. P. 359—388.

22. Rosen B. Witchcraft in England 1558—1618. Amherst, 1991.

23. Sharpe J. The Devil in East Anglia: the Matthew Hopkins trials reconsidered // Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe. Studies in Culture and belief / ed. by J. Barry, M. Hester, G. Roberts. Cambridge, 1996. P. 237—255.

24. Sharpe J. Witchcraft in Early Modern England. Harlow, 2001.

25. Stearne J. A Confirmation and Discovery of Witch Craft // The Discovery of Witches and Witchcraft. The writings of witchfinders Matthew Hopkins and John Stearne / ed. by S. F. Davis. L., 2007. P. 9-50.

26. Valetta F. Witchcraft, Magic and Superstition in England, 1640—1670. L., 2000.