“Ours” — “Alien”: the French Invasion of the Levant at the Turn of the 18th — 19th Century through the Eyes of Arab Contemporaries
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
“Ours” — “Alien”: the French Invasion of the Levant at the Turn of the 18th — 19th Century through the Eyes of Arab Contemporaries
Annotation
PII
S207987840010437-9-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840010437-9
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Dmitry Zhantiev 
Affiliation: Institute of Asian and African Studies RAS, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Svetlana Kirillina
Affiliation: Institute of Asian and African Studies RAS, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Российская Федерация, Москва
Abstract

The article provides the perception of General Bonaparte’s French expedition to Egypt and Syria at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries from the point of view of local Arabic-speaking Muslim and Christian contemporaries. A comparative analysis of the most important historical chronicles of Abd al-Rahman al-Jabarti and Niqula al-Turk allows us to uncover the essence of the opposition “ours” — “aliens” and present those facts that caused bitter resentment among the local population regarding the French intervention and left a deep mark in the historical memory. The study also allows to compare the attitude of the inhabitants of Egypt and Syria to the Ottoman authorities and the French occupation administration.

Keywords
Bonaparte, Egypt, Syria, occupation, Ottoman Empire, Islam, Еastern Christians
Received
06.05.2020
Publication date
14.12.2020
Number of characters
38571
Number of purchasers
4
Views
110
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2020
1200 RUB / 20.0 SU

References

1. Bazili K. M. Siriya i Palestina pod turetskim pravitel'stvom v istoricheskom i politicheskom otnosheniyakh. M., 2007.

2. Al-Dzhabarti, Abd ar-Rakhman. Egipet v period ehkspeditsii Bonaparta (1798—1801) / per. s arab., predisl. i primech. I. M. Fil'shtinskogo. M., 1962.

3. Al-Dzhabarti, Abd ar-Rakhman. Jyaumijat al-Dzhabarti. Ch. 1. Mazkhar at-takdis bi zaval daulat al-faransis. Ch. 2. Mazkhar at-takdis bi zakhab daulat al-faransis / pod red. Mukhammada al-Ata. Kair, 1958.

4. Al-Dzhabarti, Abd ar-Rakhman. Mazkhar at-takdis bi zaval daulat al-faransis / pod red. Khasana Mukhammada Dzhavkhara i Umara ad-Dasuki. Kair, 1969.

5. Zhantiev D. R., Kirillina S. A. Frantsuzskaya politika v otnoshenii khristian Egipta i Sirii vo vremya Vostochnoj ehkspeditsii Bonaparta. 1798—1801 gg. // Frantsuzskij ezhegodnik 2019: Ehpokha Napoleona i pamyat' o nej. S. 128—147.

6. Kirillina S. A. Bunabardi-pasha i «voinstvo shajtana»: islam v politike Vostochnoj ehkspeditsii Bonaparta 1798—1801 gg. // Frantsuzskij ezhegodnik 2017: Frantsiya i Sredizemnomor'e v Novoe i Novejshee vremya. Moskva. C. 219—238.

7. Kobischanov T. Yu. Dzhikhad — neveruyuschim, soyuz — nevernym: Vysokaya Porta v pervye mesyatsy posle frantsuzskogo vtorzheniya v Egipet// Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 13. Vostokovedenie. № 2. 2010. S. 3—21.

8. Neofit Kiprskij. Rasskaz Neofita Kiprskogo o nakhodyaschikhsya v Ierusalime khristianskikh veroispovedaniyakh i o ssorakh ikh mezhdu soboj po povodu mest pokloneniya // Materialy dlya istorii Ierusalimskoj patriarkhii XVI—XIX vv. T. 1. SPb., 1901.

9. Prusskaya E. A. Arabskie khroniki kak istochnik po istorii egipetskoj ehkspeditsii Bonaparta // Frantsuzskij ezhegodnik 2010: Istochniki po istorii Frantsuzskoj revolyutsii XVIII v. i ehpokhe Napoleona. M., 2010. S. 274—290.

10. At-Turk Nikula. Zikr tamallyuk dzhumkhur al-faransavijya al-aktar al-mysrijya va-l-bilad ash-shamijya. Bejrut, 1990.

11. [Ash-Shikhabi, al-amir Khajdar Akhmad]. Kitab tarikh al-amir Khajdar Akhmad ash-Shikhabi. Kair, 1900.

12. Abd al-Rahman al-Jabarti's History of Egypt. Ajaib al-Athar fi'l-Tarajim wa'l-Akhbar / ed. by T. Philipp, M. Perlman (3 books). Book 1 (vol. 1—2): vol. 1 / transl. by D. Crecelius, B. Abd al-Malik, Ch. Wendell, M. Fishbein; vol. 2 / transl. by G. Salinger, W. M. Brinner. Book 2 (vol. 3—4): vol. 3 / transl. by T. Philipp, M. Perlman; vol. 4 / transl. by C. Peycheff, T. Philipp, D. P. Little. Book 3. Philipp T., Schwald G. A Guide to Abd al-Rahman al-Jabarti's History of Egypt. Stuttgart, 1994.

13. Ayalon D. The Historian al-Jabarti and his Background // Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. Vol. 23. Is. 2. 1960. P. 217—249.

14. Campagne d'Égypte et de Syrie: mémoires pour servir à l'histoire de Napoléon, dictés par lui-même à Sainte-Hélène et publiés par le général Bertrand. T. 2. P., 1847.

15. [Forbin, Auguste de]. Travels in Greece, Turkey and the Holy Land in 1817—1818 by Count Forbin. L., 1819.

16. Al-Jabarti, Abd al-Rahman. Al-Jabarti's Chronicle of the First Seven Months of the French Occupation of Egypt. Muharram — Rajab 1213, 15 June — December 1798. Tarikh Muddat al-Faransis bi-Misr / 5-d. and transl. by S. Moreh. Leiden, 1975.

17. Al-Jabarti, Abd al-Rahman. Napoleon in Egypt. Al-Jabarti's Chronicle of the French Occupation, 1798 / trasl. by S. Moreh, introduction by R. L. Tignor. Princeton, N. Y., 1993.

18. Al-Jabarti al-Zaylai al-Hanafi, Abd al-Rahman b. Hasan. Ajaј'b al-athar fiј'l-tarajim waј'l-akhbar. The Marvelous Chronicles: Biographies and Events. 5 vols. Jerusalem, 2013.

19. Moreh S. The Egyptian Historian Abd al-Rahman al-Jabarti: His Life, Works, Autographs, Manuscripts and the Historical Sources of Ajaј'ib al-Athar. Oxford, 2014.