Visits of Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi to the Yasukuni Shrine from the Perspectives of China and Japan
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Visits of Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi to the Yasukuni Shrine from the Perspectives of China and Japan
Annotation
PII
S207987840010323-4-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840010323-4
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Polina Kulneva 
Affiliation: Institute of Oriental Studies RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The subject of this research is the problem of visiting Yasukuni Shrine, in particular, visits by the Japanese prime minister Junichiro Koizumi and subsequent reaction of Japan and China to his actions. The Yasukuni issue is directly related to Japanese aggression in China of 1937—1945 and is one of the key factors that currently complicate Japan-China relations and form mutual negative perception of the two countries. The time of Koizumi’s rule is the most representative from the point of characterizing contemporary view of the two sides on this aspect of historical memory. In this article views of China and Japan on the Yasukuni Shrine issue during prime minister Koizumi’s rule are compared on the basis of Chinese and Japanese information sources. Official statements of the foreign ministries, results of opinion polls, publications of mass media, and views of experts are analyzed. Analysis of various sources has shown that on the Chinese side deep resentment remains towards the aspects of historic memory related to the shrine. Japanese view on the Yasukuni problem is unacceptable to China, which makes it a stumbling block to the development of Japan-China relations. Findings of the article may be useful for understanding viewpoints of both sides, which is necessary for resolving the issue in future.

Keywords
Yasukuni Shrine, Junichiro Koizumi, Japanese Aggression in China, Japan-China Relations, historical memory
Received
29.06.2020
Publication date
14.12.2020
Number of characters
54157
Number of purchasers
4
Views
102
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2020
1200 RUB / 20.0 SU

References

1. Vajtszyaobu tszyu Syaotsyuan' tsan'baj Tszingo shehn'sheh dehn da tszichzhehvehn' [Otvety MID na voprosy zhurnalistov o poseschenii Koidzumi khrama Yasukuni i drugikh problemakh] // Sin'khuavan. 18.10.2005 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2005-10-18/20378045254.shtml (data obrascheniya: 29.10.2019). Na kit. yaz.

2. Daj 14-kaj nittyu: kyo:do: yoron tyo:sa [14-e sovmestnoe obsledovanie obschestvennogo mneniya v Yaponii i Kitae] // Genron NPO. 09.10.2018 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.genron-npo.net/world/archives/7053.html (data obrascheniya: 25.11.2019). Na yap. yaz.

3. Daj 2-kaj nittyu: kyo:do: yoron tyo:sa kehkka [Rezul'taty 2-go sovmestnogo obsledovaniya obschestvennogo mneniya v Yaponii i Kitae] // Genron NPO. 02.08.2006 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.genron-npo.net/world/archives/853.html (data obrascheniya: 27.11.2019). Na yap. yaz.

4. Zhibehn' gehchzhehndan kheh chzhuyao baochzhi pipin Syaotsyuan' tsan'baj Tszingo shehn'sheh [Politicheskie partii Yaponii i osnovnye gazety kritikuyut Koidzumi za poseschenie khrama Yasukuni] // Novostnoj kanal CCTV. 14.08.2001 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.cctv.com/special/98/2/6055.html (data obrascheniya: 29.12.2019). Na kit. yaz.

5. Zhibehn' tszyun'go chzhui deh chzhaokhun'sheh – Tszingo shehn'sheh [Khram Yasukuni – mesto pokloneniya dusham militarizma] // Zhehn'min'van. 13.08.2001 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.peopledaily.com.cn/GB/guoji/22/82/20010813/534350.html (data obrascheniya: 28.12.2019). Na kit. yaz.

6. Zhibehn' shousyan Syaotsyuan' tsan'baj Tszingo shehn'sheh [Prem'er-ministr Yaponii Koidzumi posetil khram Yasukuni] // Novostnoj kanal CCTV. 13.08.2001 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.cctv.com/special/515/3/23729.html (data obrascheniya: 28.12.2019). Na kit. yaz.

7. Isi-o nagehta khito-ni mukau [Tem, kto brosal kamni] // Nikhon kehjdzaj simbun. 18.04.2005. Na yap. yaz.

8. Kakusyu yoron tyo:sa «sampaj sidzi»-ga khansu: koeh [Po dannym raznykh sotsiologicheskikh oprosov «podderzhka posescheniya » prevyshaet polovinu respondentov] // J-Cast nyu:su. 17.08.2006 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.j-cast.com/2006/08/17002575.html (data obrascheniya: 17.12.2019). Na yap. yaz.

9. Lyu Tszyan'yun. Chzhungo yuj Zhibehn'. Byan'khuachzhun-deh «chzhehnlehn-tszin'zheh» guan'si [Kitaj i Yaponiya. Menyayuschiesya otnosheniya «politicheskoj kholodnosti – ehkonomicheskogo buma»]. Pekin, 2007. 808 c. Na kit. yaz.

10. Molodyakova Eh. V. Mnogoaspektnost' problemy svyatilischa Yasukuni // Yaponiya. Ezhegodnik. M., 2007. S. 48—68.

11. Nan'tszin gehtsze zhehn'shi tszikhuehj kan'i Syaotsyuan' shousyan tszajtsy tsan'baj Tszingo shehn'sheh [Razlichnye krugi Nankina sobralis', chtoby vyrazit' protest v otnoshenii ocherednogo vizita khrama Yasukuni prem'er-ministrom Koidzumi] // Novostnoj kanal CCTV. 22.04. 2002. [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.cctv.com/special/515/1/23603.html (data obrascheniya: 17.12.2019). Na kit. yaz.

12. Statisticheskie resursy organizatsii «Dzhetro» [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.jetro.go.jp/

13. Statisticheskie resursy Natsional'noj turisticheskoj organizatsii Yaponii [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.tourism.jp/

14. Statisticheskie resursy Ofitsial'nogo portala statistiki Yaponii [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.e-stat.go.jp/ (data obrascheniya: 30.06.2019).

15. Statisticheskie resursy Yaponskoj organizatsii podderzhki inostrannykh studentov [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.jasso.go.jp/

16. Sehnso: kinehnbi-ni miru simbun-no rehkisikan to dziko kankehtsu-tehkina syasehtsu [Obzor peredovits veduschikh yaponskikh gazet v godovschinu okonchaniya vojny] // Ritsumehjkan dajgaku [Universitet Ritsumehjkan]. 14.08.2002 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/~syt01970/page199.html (data obrascheniya: 03.01.2020). Na yap. yaz.

17. Syaotsyuan' yuan'kheh chzhii tsan'baj Tszingo shehn'sheh [Pochemu Koidzumi vyrazil zhelanie posetit' khram Yasukuni] // Zhehn'min'van. 24.04.2002 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.people.com.cn/GB/guoji/24/20020424/716047.html (data obrascheniya: 30.12.2019). Na kit. yaz.

18. Tyu:goku-ni tajsuru sinkinkan-no suji [Dinamika «druzheskikh chuvstv» po otnosheniyu k Kitayu] // The 21st Century China Research Institute [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.21ccs.jp/china_watching/KeyNumber_NAKAMURA/key_number_59.pdf (data obrascheniya: 28.11.2019).

19. Khuan'tsyu shibao: Syaotsyuan' Chun'ilan deh tszinshehn' shitsze [Gazeta «Khuan'tsyu shibao»: Dukhovnye printsipy Koidzumi Dzyun'itiro] // Zhehn'min'van. 16.08.2006. [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://world.people.com.cn/GB/1030/4708611.html (data obrascheniya: 29.12.2019). Na kit. yaz.

20. Khuan'tsyu shibao: tsan'baj, Syaotsyuan' tszujkhou deh chzhehnchzhi duchzhu [Gazeta «Khuan'tsyu shibao»: poseschenie – poslednyaya politicheskaya stavka Koidzumi] // Sin'lanvan. 10.08.2005. [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://news.sina.com.cn/c/2005-08-10/15047462157.shtml (data obrascheniya: 30.12.2019). Na kit. yaz.

21. Chzhungo vajtszyaobu fabyao shehnmin yan'li tsyantszeh Zhibehn' shousyan Syaotsyuan' Chun'ilan tszajtsy tsan'baj Tszingo shehn'sheh [MID KNR opublikoval zayavlenie s rezkoj kritikoj ocherednogo posescheniya khrama Yasukuni prem'er-ministrom Yaponii Dz. Koidzumi] // Sajt MID KNR. 17.10.2005 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/web/gjhdq_676201/gj_676203/yz_676205/1206_676836/xgxw_676842/t216903.shtml (data obrascheniya: 11.10.2019). Na kit. yaz.

22. Yasukuni dzindzya-deh simbun moehru boya. Tyu:gokudzin-o sinnyu: yo:gi-deh tajkho [Molodoj kitaets, szhigavshij gazety v khrame Yasukuni, arestovan po obvineniyu v proniknovenii na territoriyu khrama] // Sankehj nyu:su. 12.12.2018 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.sankei.com/photo/daily/news/181212/dly1812120011-n1.html (data obrascheniya: 17.12.2019). Na yap. yaz.

23. Yasukuni dzindzya-ni kansuru Umehkhara Takehsi-no khatsugehn [Vyskazyvanie Umehkhara Takehsi o khrame Yasukuni] // Asakhi simbun. 07.01.2005. Na yap. yaz.

24. Yasukuni dzindzya sampaj-nikansuru sehjfu-no kikhontehki tatiba [Bazovaya pozitsiya pravitel'stva Yaponii po voprosu posescheniya khrama Yasukuni] // Sajt MID Yaponii. 10.2005 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/area/taisen/yasukuni/tachiba.html (data obrascheniya: 11.11.2019). Na yap. yaz.

25. Yasukuni dzindzya sampaj-nitsuiteh [O poseschenii khrama Yasukuni] // Sajt MID Yaponii. 26.12.2013 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/area/taisen/yasukuni/index.html (data obrascheniya: 12.11.2019). Na yap. yaz.

26. China Rules out Meeting with Koizumi // China Daily. 30.11.2005 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-11/30/content_499205.htm (data obrascheniya: 29.10.2019).

27. Ex-Taiwan leader Lee backs Koizumi's visits to Yasukuni // Japan Times. 17.10.2005 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2005/10/17/national/ex-taiwan-leader-lee-backs-koizumis-visits-to-yasukuni/#.XhfrpUl7lPY (data obrascheniya: 10.01.2020).

28. Japanese Public’s Mood Rebounding, Abe Highly Popular. China and South Korea Very Negative Toward Japan. Survey Report // Pew Research Center. 11.07.2013 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.pewresearch.org/global/2013/07/11/japanese-publics-mood-rebounding-abe-strongly-popular/ (data obrascheniya: 23.12.2019).

29. Koizumi aims to repair ties on China trip // Japan Times. 08.10.2001 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2001/10/08/national/koizumi-aims-to-repair-ties-on-china-trip/#.XbbMqf_VLcs (data obrascheniya: 28.10.2019).

30. Mong Cheung. Political survival and Yasukuni in Japan's relations with China. L.; N. Y., 2017.

31. Observation by Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi on the Visit to Yasukuni Shrine // Sajt MID Yaponii. 21.04.2002 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.mofa.go.jp/announce/pm/koizumi/observe0204.html (data obrascheniya: 19.11.2019).

32. Prime ministers' Yasukuni visits // The Japan Times. 16.08.2006 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2006/08/16/national/politics-diplomacy/prime-ministers-yasukuni-visits/#.Xbgkdv_VLcs (data obrascheniya: 30.10.2019).

33. Statement of Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi // Sajt MID Yaponii. 13.08.2001 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL:https://www.mofa.go.jp/announce/pm/koizumi/state0108.html (data obrascheniya: 19.11.2019).

34. Vice Premier cancels meeting with Koizumi // China Daily. 23.05.2005 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-05/23/content_444911.htm (data obrascheniya: 29.10.2019).