On the Instruction to the Finnish Gendarme Directorate (1903)
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On the Instruction to the Finnish Gendarme Directorate (1903)
Annotation
PII
S207987840010309-8-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840010309-8
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Makar Fyodorov 
Affiliation: State Academic University for the Humanities
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article explores the instruction for the Finnish gendarme directorate, approved by the Russian emperor Nicholas II in 1903. Due to the special status of the Grand Duchy of Finland, the Special Corps of Gendarmes could not operate there as it did in the rest of the Russian Empire. Before the rise of the wide protest in Finland, gendarmes watched after the local administration but possessed no right to investigate political and criminal cases. Even for that task, their numbers were too small. The article, based on archival documents, shows that during the discussion in 1898—1899 about the increase of the gendarmes stuff, a question arose about the insufficiency of their rights. The next step to solving the issue was the 1903 instruction. The article reveals that the purpose of that was not to infringe on the Finnish autonomy but to establish the functioning of the gendarmes on the same basis as it was in the rest of the Russian Empire.

Keywords
Russian gendarmes, The Grand Duchy of Finland, The Special Corps of Gendarmes, Gendarme Directorates, the Finnish Gendarme Directorate
Received
18.05.2020
Publication date
30.07.2020
Number of characters
27238
Number of purchasers
4
Views
136
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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