Conservative Turn in the Culture of the Interwar Years
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Conservative Turn in the Culture of the Interwar Years
Annotation
PII
S207987840010262-7-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840010262-7
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Ekaterina Grantseva 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

One of the most significant contradictions, reflecting the cultural dynamics of the first half of the twentieth century on a global scale, was expressed in a complex interaction and the next phase of the dispute between innovations and traditions, avant-garde aspirations and conservative values, reflection of the chaos of being and the pursuit of order. The article discusses the origins, prerequisites, characteristics and manifestations of a conservative turn in the culture of the interwar years, analyzes the components of the call to order, the forms of its implementation, internal and external factors that influenced the formation of new cultural attitudes and formed the image of modernity based on a combination of traditionalist and modernist components.

Keywords
conservative turn, avant-garde, culture, modernism, totalitarian art, a call to order, cultural transformations, interwar years
Received
03.05.2020
Publication date
30.06.2020
Number of characters
36918
Number of purchasers
19
Views
199
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2020
1200 RUB / 20.0 SU

References

1. Al'tshuler B. Avangard na vystavkakh. Novoe iskusstvo v KhKh v. M., 2018.

2. Buldakov V. P. Ot prirucheniya k diktatu: vlast' i kul'tura v 1920-e gg. // Kul'tura i vlast' v SSSR 1920-e — 1950-e gg. M., 2017. S. 6—18.

3. Vyazemtseva A. G. Iskusstvo totalitarnoj Italii. M., 2018.

4. Girin Yu. Kartina mira ehpokhi avangarda. M., 2013.

5. Golomshtok I. Totalitarnoe iskusstvo. M., 1994.

6. Golomshtok I. Yazyk iskusstva pri totalitarizme // Kontinent. № 151. 2012. S. 590—623.

7. Gol'dshtejn A. Rasstavanie s Nartsissom. Opyty pominal'noj ritoriki. M., 1997.

8. Grabar' I. Eh. Moya zhizn'. Avtomonografiya. M.; L., 1937.

9. Grantseva E. Vsemirnaya vystavka v Parizhe 1937 g. Germanskij i sovetskij pavil'ony // Rossiya—Germaniya. Vekhi sovmestnoj istorii v kollektivnoj pamyati. M., 2014. S. 91—102. Grantseva E. Pariser Weltausstellung 1937. Der deutsche und der sowietische Pavillon // Deutschland—Russland Stationen Gemeinsamer Geshichte, Orte der Erinnerung. Band 3. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Műnchen, 2014. P. 91—102.

10. Grantseva E. O. Ideologiya, zapechatlennaya v arkhitekture. «Dolina pavshikh» i drugie proekty frankistskoj ehpokhi // Latinoamerikanskij istoricheskij al'manakh. № 24. S. 105—122.

11. Grantseva E. O. Totalitarnaya Kul'tura // Vsemirnaya istoriya. T. 6. Mir v XX v.: ehpokha global'nykh transformatsij. Kniga 1. M., 2017. C. 148—149.

12. Il'f I., Petrov E. Odnoehtazhnaya Amerika. M., 2008.

13. Koehn Zh.-L. Puteshestvie po sovremennosti: zhizn' i tvorchestvo Le Korbyuz'e // Le Korbyuz'e. Tajny tvorchestva: mezhdu zhivopis'yu i arkhitekturoj. M., 1912. S. 64—127.

14. Krauss R., Foster Kh. i dr. Iskusstvo s 1900 g. Modernizm. Antimodernizm. Postmodernizm. M., 2015.

15. Kruglova T. A. Oppozitsii «pravoe/levoe», «konservativnoe/revolyutsionnoe» v pole massovoj kul'tury sovetskogo perioda // Topografii populyarnoj kul'tury. M., 2015. S. 227—244.

16. Kruglova T. A. Sotsrealizm v kontekste konservativnogo povorota mirovoj kul'tury 1930-kh — nachala 1950-kh gg. // Khudozhestvennaya spetsifika i sotsial'nyj potentsial sovremennogo iskusstva. Sb. nauchnykh statej / pod red. Zaks L. A., Kruglova T. A. Ekaterinburg, 2017. S. 104—121.

17. Krusanov A. Russkij avangard: 1907—1923. Istoricheskij obzor. V 3 tt. Tom pervyj: Boevoe desyatiletie. SPb., 1996.

18. Markin Yu. P. Iskusstvo Tret'ego rejkha. M., 2012.

19. Morozov A. I. Konets utopii. Iz istorii sovetskogo iskusstva 1930-kh gg. M., 1995.

20. Papernyj V. Kul'tura Dva. M., 2007. S. 20.

21. Petrova E. Sovetskoe iskusstvo mezhdu avangardom, sotsialisticheskim realizmom i perestrojkoj // Russkij muzej predstavlyaet: Sovetskij mif. SPb., 2014. C. 5—13.

22. Postanovlenie Politbyuro TsK VKP(b) «O perestrojke literaturno-khudozhestvennykh organizatsij» ot23 aprelya 1932 g. // Vlast' i khudozhestvennaya intelligentsiya. Dokumenty TsK RKP(b) — VKP(b), VChK — OGPU — NKVD o kul'turnoj politike. 1917—1953 / pod red. A. N. Yakovleva. M., 1999. S. 172—173.

23. Trencheni B. Bunt protiv istorii: «Konservativnaya revolyutsiya» i poiski natsional'noj identichnosti v mezhvoennoj Vostochnoj i Tsentral'noj Evrope // Antropologiya revolyutsii: sb. statej / sost. i red. I. Prokhorova, A. Dmitriev, I. Kukulin, M. Majofis. M., 2009. S. 207—241.

24. Shpakov V. N. Istoriya vsemirnykh vystavok. M., 2008.

25. Bertonati E. Neue Sachlichkeit in Deutschland. Herrsching, 1988.

26. Breuer S. Anatomie der konservativen Revolution. Darmstadt, 1993.

27. Sosteau J. Le rappel a l'ordre. Paris, 1926.

28. Cohen A. J. Imaging the unimaginable: world war, modern art, and the politics of culture in Russia, 1914—1917. Lincoln, 2008.

29. Compagnon A. Les Antimodemes: de Joseph de Maistre a Roland Barthes. Paris, 2005.

30. Fiss K. Grand Illusion: The Third Reich, the Paris Exposition, and the Cultural Seduction of France. Chicago, 2009.

31. Gentile E. Mito ed estetica del fascism // Mazzocca F. (ed.) Novocento. Arte in Italia tra le due guerre. Exhibition catalogue. Milano, 2013.

32. Griffin R. Modernism and fascism: the sense of a beginning under Mussolini and Hitler. L., 2007.

33. Herf J. Reactionary modernism: technology, culture, and politics in Weimar and the Third Reich. Cambridge, 1984.

34. Jeanneret Ch.-E., Ozenfant A. Après le cubisme. Paris, 1918.

35. Maritain J. Antimodcrne. Paris, 1922.

36. Ortega y Gasset J. La rebelión de las masas. Madrid, 1929.

37. Schmied W. Neue Sachlichkeit and German Realism of the Twenties. L., 1978.

38. Schmied W. Neue Sachlichkeit und magischer Realismus in Deutschland, 1918—1933. Hannover, 1969.

39. Severini G. Du Cubisme au Classicisme. París, 1921.

40. Sieferle Rolf P. Die konservative Revolution: runf biographische Skizzen (Paul Lensch, Werner Sombart, Oswald Spengler, Ernst Junger, Hans Freyer). Frankfurt am Main, 1995.

41. Sironni, Carrà, Campigli. Manifesto della pittura murale // La Colonna. I. N. 12. dicembre 1933.

42. Speer A. Neue Deutsche Baukunst. Berlin, 1941.

43. Stern F. The politics of cultural despair a study in the rise of the Germanic ideology. Berkeley, 1961.

44. Ziolkowski T. Classicism of the Twenties: Art, Music, and Literature. Chicago, 2015.