Representation of East African Slave Trade in Modern Tanzanian Schoolbooks: Text and Illustrations
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Representation of East African Slave Trade in Modern Tanzanian Schoolbooks: Text and Illustrations
Annotation
PII
S207987840010017-7-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840010017-7
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Anastasia Banshchikova 
Affiliation: Institute for African Studies RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The paper deals with interrelations of the illustrations and the text in narrating East African slave trade of the 19th century in modern Tanzanian school books. A visible modifying of historical reality is promoted in some history textbooks: the industrial revolution in Europe and its need in labor force (even in slave labor force on “plantations” and factories in Europe itself) are presented as the main reason for the development of the East African slave trade; Europeans are also given as the main factor, actors and beneficiaries of this slave trade; the role of the so-called “Arabs”, especially local ones, is smoothed out. However, the images used to illustrate the textbooks turn out to be more conservative: since they are based most on sketches of 19th century made by eyewitnesses of the events, and on these sketches the main characters are recognizably “Arabs”, with the exception of one case, when the modern illustrator intentionally inserts in his picture a typical “European colonialist” leading a slave caravan. The article examines this specific situation and offers its explanations.

Keywords
East Africa, Tanzania, Arab slave trade, European colonialism, school books, distortion of historical reality
Received
20.03.2020
Publication date
30.07.2020
Number of characters
24422
Number of purchasers
4
Views
79
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0.0 (0 votes)
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