The Use of Rolls in Monastic Towns of Medieval England (13th — 16th Centuries)
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
The Use of Rolls in Monastic Towns of Medieval England (13th — 16th Centuries)
Annotation
PII
S207987840009928-9-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840009928-9
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Anna Anisimova 
Affiliation:
Institute of World History RAS
State Academic University for the Humanities
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

Rolls played a prominent role among the governmental records of England for a long time, encompassing paperwork of many spheres — administrative, judiciary, financial, etc. Reflection of this tendency on a lower, local level of a small town can be investigated on the example of English monastic towns. The emergence and development of these urban communities within the frame of monastic lordship allows us to trace their record production and bookkeeping in comparison with those of royal administration (on both, central and regional levels) as well as with of the manorial administration of their monastic lords. The aim is to study the surviving collections of documents of several towns, as well as their regulations from the point of view of record-keeping (if they had anything to show in that regard), in order to discover the possible correlation between the form (rolls instead of books) and the content of the documents and their usage on daily basis. This paper explores the phenomenon on the material three monastic towns in the county of Kent. Faversham, Fordwich, and Sandwich are towns whose communities started to develop under the monastic rule and eventually got different forms of recognition from both local and central authorities. The preservation of substantial medieval archives of the towns under consideration gives us an opportunity to make some conclusions concerning their practice of record-keeping, in comparison with that of royal or manorial ones. The analysis of administrative, judicial, and financial records reveals the similar tendencies in all kinds of records of these towns, namely a gradual transition from the use of rolls to the use of codices (books), although with a lingering use of both forms simultaneously.

Keywords
rolls, medieval record-keeping, monastic towns, medieval towns, medieval England, small towns, urban administration, urban archives
Received
05.05.2020
Publication date
30.07.2020
Number of characters
57274
Number of purchasers
4
Views
85
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2020
1200 RUB / 20.0 SU

References

1. Anisimova A. The Codification of the Custumals of the Cinque Ports: an Attempt at Unification? // ISTORIYA. 2019. Issue 4 (78). URL: https://history.jes.su/s207987840004904-3-1 DOI: 10.18254/S207987840004904-3

2. Anisimova A. A. «Pervaya gorodskaya kniga Favershema»: istoriya i kontekst sostavleniya // «Radi blaga goroda»: Gorodskie pravovye sborniki / sost. A. A. Anisimova, G. A. Popova. M., 2014. S. 89—116.

3. Anisimova A. A. «Chtoby my mogli zhit' v mire»: gorozhane Fordvicha v tyazhbakh s monastyrem // Pravo v srednevekovom mire, 2007 / pod red. I. I. Var'yash, G. A. Popovoj. M., 2007. S. 33—54.

4. Mereminskij S. G. Kartulyarii // Pravoslavnaya ehntsiklopediya. M., 2013. T. 31. S. 420—425.

5. Obychai goroda Fordvicha (monastyrskaya versiya) / per. s lat. i komment. A. A. Anisimovoj // Srednevekovyj gorod. Saratov, 2007. Vyp. 18. S. 180—191.

6. Pervaya gorodskaya kniga Favershema / per. i komm. A. A. Anisimovoj // «Radi blaga goroda»: Gorodskie pravovye sborniki / sost. A. A. Anisimova, G. A. Popova. M., 2014. S. 119—234.

7. Borough Customs / ed. by M. Bateson. L., 1904. Vol. 1.

8. Calendar of the Charter Rolls, 1226—1516. L., 1903–1927.

9. Calendar of the Patent Rolls. 1232—1509. L., 1891—1916.

10. Clanchy M. T. From Memory to Written Record: England, 1066—1307. 3rd ed. Chichester, 2013.

11. Croft J. An Assault on the Royal Justices at Ash and the Making of the Sandwich Custumal // Archaeologia Cantiana. 1997. Vol. 117. P. 13—36.

12. Croft J. P. The Custumals of the Cinque Ports, c. 1290 — c. 1500. Studies in the Cultural Production of the Urban Record: PhD Thesis. Canterbury, 1997.

13. Davis G. R. C. Medieval Cartularies of Great Britain and Ireland / rev. by C. Breay, J. Harrison, D. M. Smith. L., 2010.

14. Enrol/enrol, v. // Oxford English Dictionary Online, Oxford University Press, March 2019 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: www.oed.com/view/Entry/62610 (data obrascheniya: 21.04.2019).

15. Giraud F. F. Cinque Ports, Faversham // Archaeologia Cantiana. L., 1917. Vol. 32. P. 303—311.

16. Giraud F. F. Faversham Town Accounts, Anno 33. Edw. I // Archaeologia Cantiana. 1976. Vol. 10. R. 221—232.

17. Giraud F. F. Municipal Archives of Faversham, A. D. 1304—1324 // Archaeologia Cantiana. 1882. Vol. 14. P. 185—205.

18. Harrington D., Hyde P. Collections towards the History of Faversham Abbey, Kent. Folkestone, 2014 (on CD ROM).

19. Holz S. The Onus Scaccarii Rolls under Edward I // The Roll in England and France in Late Middle Ages, Form and Content / ed. S. G. Holz, J. Peltzer, M. Shirota. B., 2019. P. 167—196.

20. Levett A. E. Studies in Manorial History / ed. by H. Cam, M. Coate, L. S. Sutherland. Oxford, 1938.

21. Martin G. H. English Borough in the Thirteenth Century // Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. 5th series. 1963. Vol. 13. P. 123—144.

22. Martin G. H. The Origins of Borough records // Journal of the Society of Archivists. 1960. Vol. 2. Is. 4. P. 147—153.

23. Peltzer J. The Roll in England and France in the Late Middle Ages: Introductory Remarks // The Roll in England and France in Late Middle Ages, Form and Content / ed. S. G. Holz, J. Peltzer, M. Shirota. B., 2019. P. 1—19.

24. Pragmatic Literacy, East and West, 1200—1330 / ed. by R. Britnell. Woodbridge, 1997.

25. Richardson H. G. Year Books and Plea Rolls as Sources of Historical Information // Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. 1922. Vol. 5. P. 28—70.

26. Riley H. T. The Corporation of Faversham // 6th Report Royal Commission of Historical Manuscripts. L., 1877. Part 1. P. 500—510.

27. Rotuli Chartarum. L., 1837.

28. Rotuli Hundredorum. 2 vol. L., 1812—1818.

29. Rotuli Litterrarum Clausarum. 2 vol. L., 1833—1844.

30. Rotulorum Originalium in Curia Scaccarii Abbreviatio. 2 vol. L., 1805—1810.

31. The Early Town Books of Faversham, c. 1251—1581 / ed. by D. Harrington, P. Hyde. Chippenham, 2008.

32. The Red Book of the Exchequer / ed. by H. Hall. 3 vol. L., 1896.

33. The Register of St. Augustine Abbey, Canterbury, Commonly Called the Black book / ed. G. J. Turner, H. E. Salter. L., 1915.

34. Tout T. F. Chapters in the Administrative History of Mediaeval England. 6 vol. Manchester, 1920—1933.

35. Vincent N. Enrolment in Medieval English Government: Sickness or Cure? // The Roll in England and France in Late Middle Ages: Form and Content / ed. S. G. Holz, J. Peltzer, M. Shirota. B., 2019. P. 103—146.

36. Woodruff Ch. A History of the Town and Port of Fordwich. Canterbury, 1895.