Belgium and the “Independence Policy” in 1936: a Return to Neutrality?
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Belgium and the “Independence Policy” in 1936: a Return to Neutrality?
Annotation
PII
S207987840009206-5-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840009206-5
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Aleksandra Khorosheva 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article is devoted to the insufficiently studied aspect of international relations ,on the eve of World War II — an attempt of Belgium, who previously tried to confirm the abolishment of her perpetual neutrality, to turn to the policy of non-intervention in the mid- 1930s. The “policy of independence”, declared by king Leopold III in 1936, was accepted by the governments of West-European countries and USSR as a crucial change of Belgian foreign policy, such as a return to neutrality. This move caused deep disagreement of the ministries of foreign affairs of France and Great Britain, moreover it became a subject of further disputes in European society and among historians. An analysis of the diplomatic correspondence allows us to understand what were the reasons for these changes in 1936, as well as to assess how justified this turn was in the conditions of that time.

 

Keywords
Belgium, international relations, League of Nations, neutrality, Versailles-Washington system
Received
29.10.2019
Publication date
12.05.2020
Number of characters
40305
Number of purchasers
3
Views
36
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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