Regional Dimension of the Afghan Conflict
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Regional Dimension of the Afghan Conflict
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Olga Novikova 
Affiliation: Institute of Scientific Information for Social Sciences RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow

The article represents a range of perspectives of the regional states’ politics in the Afghan conflict. Regional powers seek to secure their interests. Many of the security challenges of the region persist. Pakistan tolerates and secretly supports terrorist groups. It has nuclear weapons, weak state institutions, and contentious relations with India. Pro-pakistani groups in Afghanistan poses a direct threat to India, because militancy in Afghanistan, as New Delhi supposes, could spill over into India. The relations of Iran with the Taliban are highly complicated. It is a combination of restrained support and containment. The main goal of Iranians — to prevent Afghanistan from becoming a US political-military bastion. Economic interests of China are expanding, that is why Beijing is deepening its level of engagement in the region. However, a core Сhinese security aim is to overcome Uygur separatism. As it is shown in the article, multiple factors are behind regional states’ politics towards Afghanistan. All of them should be taken into consideration because Afghan conflict settlement could be reached if supported by a regional diplomatic accord brokered by the United States and Russia.

Afghanistan, Afghan conflict, regional powers, Pakistan, India, Iran, China, the Taliban, terrorism
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