Collisions of the Decolonization: US Public Opinion Assessments
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Collisions of the Decolonization: US Public Opinion Assessments
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Sergey Buranok 
Affiliation: Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education
Address: Russian Federation, Samara

The gradual disintegration of colonial empires caused by the growth of national movements and significant weakening of the metropolitan powers after the war became one of the important results of World War II. The process of separation of the colonies coincided with the genesis of a new global confrontation between the former allies in the Anti-Hitler coalition. The Cold War and the search for optimal relations with the closest ally of the USA — Great Britain — required new approaches and views on the decolonization process. At the same time, the ambitions of the White House, which on the one hand supported the disintegration of colonial empires, and on the other diligently tried to take the place of the former empires, led to a number of contradictions with the European states. The article is devoted to the issue of assessing the Suez Crisis in the US press. The whole complexity of perceiving the crisis was reflected in the press, which was trying to form an understanding of the new process in which America was involved. In the course of the difficult search for the optimal political way and view on the crisis, several polar points of view were formed in the American press. Thus, the study of the perception of the crisis by the largest American editions and the most noticeable journalists is essential for the understanding of how the society in the USA after 1956 gradually realized the place of the country in the new system of the international relations, looked for optimal ways of interaction both with the closest allies, and with a number of the new independent states. The article is based on the materials of both democratic, and republican editions of the US press.

Press, decolonization, Cold War, Third World, USA, Suez Crisis
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