In the Area of Turbulence: Luxembourg and Rights for Its Rule in the 14th — middle of the 15th Centuries
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In the Area of Turbulence: Luxembourg and Rights for Its Rule in the 14th — middle of the 15th Centuries
Annotation
PII
S207987840007929-0-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840007929-0
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Anna Mayzlish 
Affiliation: Istitute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The political development of Luxembourg changed deeply after the shift of the interests of its rulers in 14th — middle 15th centuries. The coronation of Henry VII of Luxembourg as the emperor of Holy Roman Empire as well as the personal union with Bohemia since the reign of John I of Luxembourg focused their attention on the Central Europe. The lack of the finances for ambitious imperial policy led to the practice of engaging to other lords (often relatives) the right to govern the lands of Luxembourg and to collect and use their revenues. Short interruption of this practice during the reign of duke of Luxembourg Wenceslaus I led to the flourishing of the duchy and the peak of its territorial growth. But his successors again focused on the imperial politics that stimulated the spread of the engaging the rights to use the title of duke of Luxembourg and to rule in the duchy to so-called lords-engagers. On the one hand this system stimulated the destabilization in the duchy and its decline that created difficulties in the defense of Luxembourg from different external threads. It also facilitated the growth of Valois House of Burgundy’s influence in the duchy which was as the result incorporated into Burgundian possessions in middle 15th century. Lords-engagers in their turn could entrust the administration of Luxembourg to their governors. On the other hand the system of engaging and re-engaging of the rights to govern the duchy and use the title of duke when several persons could try to profit these rights or hand them over simultaneously was very complicated and formed a base for numerous conflicts during the period.

Keywords
Luxembourg, House of Luxembourg, government, Valois dukes of Burgundy, 14th — 15th centuries, political conflicts and alliances
Received
23.10.2019
Publication date
15.12.2019
Number of characters
23221
Number of purchasers
3
Views
45
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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