The Ways of Historiographical Transfer: Ludwig Riess and Formation of Academic Historiography in Japan
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The Ways of Historiographical Transfer: Ludwig Riess and Formation of Academic Historiography in Japan
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Olga Vorobieva 
Istitute of World History RAS
Russian State University for the Humanities
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow

A series of articles on the study of the influence of European and especially German historiography on the formation of modern Japanese historiography and identity explores the complex nature of the historiographic transfer as a phenomenon. The first article analyzes the influence of the German historian Ludwig Riess on the formation of academic historiography in Japan during the Meiji period, his contribution to the development of historical education at the University of Tokyo, to the creation of history as an educational discipline, and to the organization of professional historical communities and magazines. Riess was the first foreign professional historian to teach at the Imperial University of Tokyo from 1887 to 1902, wrote scientific articles on the history of Japan and Western countries, scientific notes in German newspapers and magazines, and delivered lectures and reports in scientific communities. Being heavily influenced by Leopold von Ranke's concept of world history, Riess not only broadcast the Rankean vision of history and his scientific method to Japanese students but also introduced the practice of training seminars. Reflecting on the influence of Ludwig Riess on Japanese historiography, the author suggests paying attention to the complex crossroads of historiographic cultures that were formed in Japan in the last third of the 19th and early 20th centuries, and to this end, put Riess’s activities in a wider historiographic context.

Ludwig Riess, Japanese historiography, Meiji period, scientific transfer, global historiography, historiographic culture, Japanese identity
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This research was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project No. 15-18-00135-П.
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