The Bible and the Medieval Tradition of Law
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The Bible and the Medieval Tradition of Law
Annotation
PII
S207987840007599-7-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840007599-7
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Igor Filippov 
Affiliation: Lomonosov Moscow State University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

This article deals with the influence of the Latin version of the Bible, known as the Vulgate, on the Western European medieval tradition of law. Despite the enormous multi-language literature on the history of the Bible in the Middle Ages, this question is surprisingly poorly studied. The author concentrates on five forms of the Vulgate's influence: 1) adoption of particular biblical, usually Old Testament, legal norms into medieval legislation; 2) creation of legal norms under the general influence of the biblical narrative; 3) deliberate and unconcious use of expressions borrowed from the Vulgate in the formulation of new legal norms and in the description of legal customs; 4) adoption of certain juridical terms, dominium and possessio serving as examples; 5) influence of the new concept of law (directum) forged by Jerome in the process of translating the Bible and fundamentally different from the Roman concept of ius. In the author's opinion, this form of influence proved to be the most important and demanded in the Middle Ages, directly affecting the emegence of the Modern European notion of law.

Keywords
Bible, Vulgate, Jerome, Roman law, medieval law, biblical law, ius, directum, testament of Abbon, Chronicle of Nantes
Received
13.08.2019
Publication date
15.12.2019
Number of characters
58148
Number of purchasers
3
Views
52
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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