Soviet-Norwegian Contacts on Svalbard During the Cold War
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Soviet-Norwegian Contacts on Svalbard During the Cold War
Annotation
PII
S207987840006545-8-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840006545-8
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Aleksandr Porcel 
Affiliation: Murmansk State Technical University
Address: Russian Federation, Murmansk
Abstract

In 1920 Spitsbergen was given under Norwegian sovereignty after the Paris agreement. According to this agreement all its member states had freedom of economic, scientific and other non-military activities here. Since 1931, the “Arktikugol” Trust has been producing coal on Svalbard. Large settlements with a permanent population — Norwegian and Soviet were founded. There was a unique situation: next to each other were large groups of the population of the two countries, representing various socio-economic and political systems, and, in addition, included in the opposing military blocs — NATO and Warsaw Pact. In the conditions of the Arctic archipelago, where for a long time of the year communication with the mainland was maintained only by radio, contacts between Soviet miners and Norwegians were inevitable. During the Cold War these contacts did not stop despite the tense relations between the USSR and Norway. The traditions of peaceful coexistence and good neighborliness that prevailed on Svalbard in the pre-war years continued despite Norway joining NATO and a number of political crises in Europe. Such situation generally preserved up to the collapse of the USSR. The paper shortly describes the contacts between Soviet and Norwegian representatives on Spitsbergen on the official and domestic levels during the Cold war. The paper is based on archive documents and materials of the “Arcticugol” department media.

Keywords
Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Cold War, USSR, Norway, “Arcticugol”, “Store Noske”, Barentsburg, Longyer
Received
10.06.2019
Publication date
16.09.2019
Number of characters
32259
Number of purchasers
4
Views
19
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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References

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