The Identification and Localization of the Place-Name Ustaulm in Eastern Europe (to the Interpretation of the 11th Century Runic Inscription on the Stone from Ålstad, Norway)
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The Identification and Localization of the Place-Name Ustaulm in Eastern Europe (to the Interpretation of the 11th Century Runic Inscription on the Stone from Ålstad, Norway)
Annotation
PII
S207987840006261-6-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840006261-6
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Aleksey Schavelev 
Affiliation: Higher School of Economics
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The article proposes an identification of the toponym “*ustaulmr / *Ustahólmr” from the runic inscription of the middle of the 11th century on the stone from the Norwegian village Ålstad as a Scandinavian variant of the Slavic oeсonym “*Оусть-островъ”, which was called the settlement of the people of Rus’ on the island of St. Aitherios (presumably, contemporary Berezan’ Island) at the mouth of the Dnieper. The article proves that the three main camp-settlements of the Rus’ people on the way down the Dnieper River in the 10th and 11th centuries are named in this runic inscription: Russia = Kiev (= *Garðar), Vitichev (= *Vitahólmr) and a village on an island in the mouth of the Dnieper *Oust-island (*Ustahólmr). The sequence “*Garðar —*Vitahólmr — *Ustahólmr” fully coincides with the sequence of stays Rus’ fleet from the Byzantine treatise ‘De Administrando Imperio’ (the mid of the 10th century): “Kiev — Vitichev — the island of St. Aitherios”.

Keywords
runic inscription from Alstad, Norway, Russia, Dnieper, island Berezan’, the Route from the Varangians to the Greeks, Kiev, Vitichev
Received
29.06.2019
Publication date
15.11.2019
Number of characters
15239
Number of purchasers
19
Views
239
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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