The United States and the Rising Nazi Threat, 1933—1938
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The United States and the Rising Nazi Threat, 1933—1938
Annotation
PII
S207987840006087-4-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840006087-4
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Vladimir Pechatnov 
Affiliation: MGIMO University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

Based on primary sources and historiography the article presents an analysis of how U.S. military and diplomacy perceived and responded to the rising threat from the Nazi Germany in 1933—1938. The emphasis is laid on less known aspects of this reaction related to U.S. diplomatic and intelligence activities during the Sudeten crisis of 1938. Of special interest are previously little noticed dispatches from U.S. military attaches in Europe (“G-2”) buried in Henry Morgenthau Diaries collection at Franklin D. Roosevelt Library (Hyde Park, New York). It is demonstrated that despite being well informed about the seriousness of the Nazi threat by American diplomats and Army intelligence the official Washington pursued the course of non involvement in European crisis thus contributing to the appeasement of the aggressor. At the same time the Sudeten crisis provided a strong push to U.S. military preparations for the coming world war.

Keywords
Nazi Germany, appeasement, the Sudeten crisis, the Munich conference, U. S. diplomacy and intelligence
Received
24.04.2019
Publication date
15.07.2019
Number of characters
48172
Number of purchasers
30
Views
171
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0.0 (0 votes)
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