Integration of Central Asian Peoples into the Empire: Oyrat-Kalmyk Experience
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Integration of Central Asian Peoples into the Empire: Oyrat-Kalmyk Experience
Annotation
PII
S207987840006068-3-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840006068-3
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Lyubov Chetyrova 
Occupation: Prof.
Affiliation: Samara University
Address: Russian Federation, Samara
Andrey Znamensky
Affiliation: University of Memphis
Address: United States of America, Memphis
Edition
Abstract

This article explores the experience of entering the Russian Empire by the Oirat – Central Asian people. The aim is achieved by solving the following tasks: to justify the necessity of studying the problem of entering  the empire in the context of Asian Russia; base on the experience of Stavropol baptized Kalmyks to consider the methods applied by the imperial power for their integration; to show how the historical memory of the Altaians, subjects of the Dzungars, influenced the growth of their national self–awareness and attitude to the empire. The necessity of applying the imperialogical approach to the study of entering non-Russian peoples into the Russian Empire and their subsequent acculturation is substantiated. It makes possible to retrospectively study the influence of the historical memory of the Mongolian empire and the Dzungarian Khanate for boosting the ethnic self-consciousness of Central Asian peoples belonging to the empire. The civilizational heterogeneity of the peoples living in the Trans-Ural territories colonized by the Russian state indicates the differences in their status in the course of the implementating the imperial project in Russia. Unlike many other peoples, the Oirat-Kalmyks not only had their own imperial experience as heirs of the Mongol Empire and participants in creating such steppe empire as Dzungarian Khanate, but also managed to create their own relatively autonomous statehood within the Russian Empire — the Kalmyk Khanate.

Keywords
empire, Russian empire, Dzungarian Khanate, Kalmyks, Oirats, Dzungars, Altaians, Amursana, Oirot–Khan, Stavropol baptized Kalmyks, acculturation
Received
01.06.2019
Publication date
15.10.2019
Number of characters
36830
Number of purchasers
5
Views
73
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0.0 (0 votes)
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