The Reforms of German Armed Forces in 1920s — 1930s and 1990s — the Beginning of 2020s: the Featrures and Common Characteristics
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The Reforms of German Armed Forces in 1920s — 1930s and 1990s — the Beginning of 2020s: the Featrures and Common Characteristics
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Philipp Trunov 
Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences, RAS
Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow

The article explores the role of military power factor in foreign policy of German-Prussian state until the modern period. In this regard the article shows the importance of the reforms of the armed forces. Successful reforms allowed Germany to increase rapidly its military and political power and also influence on the world arena. The objects of the article are the military reforms of 1920-s — 1930-s and 1990-s — the beginning of 2020-s. Taking into account the dis-similarity between the political systems of Germany during these periods, the article notes that the military “mechanics” of both reforms have rather similar characteristics. During the first period of each reform by trials and errors method the “platform” of perspective armed forces was created. It meant that in the structure of the armed forces “exemplary” high-mobile shock military units, numerous staffs were created and an incorporation of key technical-technological achievements took place. During the second period of military reform there was the process of rebuilding of the “platform” that meant the dynamic creation of new military units of perspective armed forces. In this regard the author pays special attention to the question of usage of the restrictions that were directed to its armed forces at the begging of each military reform by Germany in its favor.

Germany, military reforms, Weimar Republic, perspective view of armed forces, Reichswehr, Bundeswehr, NATO
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