“Neither Peace nor War”: the Strategy of the German Diplomacy at the Paris Peace Conference
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“Neither Peace nor War”: the Strategy of the German Diplomacy at the Paris Peace Conference
Annotation
PII
S207987840005979-5-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840005979-5
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Irina Novikova 
Affiliation: Saint Petersburg State University
Address: Russian Federation, Saint Petersburg
Abstract

This article examines the strategy of the German diplomacy at the Paris Peace Conference 1919, with new, unpublished sources, including the personal papers of German Minister of Foreign Affairs Count U. von Brockdorff-Rantzau. The author concludes that the strategy of German diplomacy in Versailles resembled the politics of Russian Foreign Minister (Narkom) Leo Trotsky during Brest-Litovsk peace negotiations. Count Brockdorff-Rantzau, like Trotsky, was not going to sign a peace treaty with the Allies, hoping to use the platform of the Paris Peace Conference to promote his ideas, in particular, to deny the thesis of Germany's primary responsibility for the outbreak of World War I. In addition, the leader of the German delegation placed great hopes on U.S. mediation and manipulation of the so called “Russian (Bolshevik) threat”. This strategy did not bring the desired results. Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles. As an ambassador of Weimar Germany in Soviet Russia, Brockdorff-Rantzau believed that the recovery of Germany lies in cooperation with Russia, considering this rapprochement with Moscow necessary to counteract the pressure on Germany by the Entente powers.

Keywords
Germany, the Paris Peace Conference, the Versailles-Washington system of international relations, diplomacy of Weimar Republic, U. von Brockdorff-Rantzau
Received
12.06.2019
Publication date
15.08.2019
Number of characters
37777
Number of purchasers
35
Views
48
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
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