Features of Productive Cooperative Labour in England in the Middle of the 19th Century: in a Context of Christian Socialist Associations
Table of contents
Features of Productive Cooperative Labour in England in the Middle of the 19th Century: in a Context of Christian Socialist Associations
Publication type
Irina Novichenko 
Institute of World History RAS
Russian State Public Historical Library
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow

The article is devoted to the organization of labour in the productive co-operative working associations created by British Christian Socialists in 1850—1852. Based on the analysis of the press and the recollections of Christian Socialists, the actions of the Society for the Promotion of Workers' Associations for organizing the workshops for tailors, sewing-maids, shoemakers, printers, builders, bakers, turners and piano makers, etc., are considered to overcome the forced nature of labour and to give the workers possibility to organise independently the production. “Associated work” could not stand the test, mainly due to the cultural and educational unwillingness of employees for voluntary, independent and responsible activities.

history of cooperation, British Christian Socialists, productive co-operation, history of labour and labour relations
Publication date
Number of characters
Number of purchasers
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
800 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2019
2500 RUB / 50.0 SU


1. Blan L. Organizatsiya truda. L., 1926.

2. Novichenko I. Yu. Anglijskie khristianskie sotsialisty i obrazovanie dlya vzroslykh (1850-e — 1860-e gg.) // Religioznoe obrazovanie v Rossii i Evrope v XIX v. / pod red. E. Tokarevoj i M. Inglota. SPb., 2014. S. 202—241.

3. Novichenko I. Yu. Charl'z Kingsli i anglijskij khristianskij sotsializm serediny XIX v. M., 2001.

4. Uehbb B. Kooperativnoe dvizhenie v Anglii. SPb., 1905.

5. Uehbb S., Uehbb B. Istoriya rabochego dvizheniya v Anglii. SPb., 1899.

6. Backstrom P. N. Christian Socialism and Co-operation in Victorian England. Edward Vansittart Neale and the Co-operative Movement. London, 1974.

7. Christensen T. Origin and History of Christian Socialism, 1848—1854. Aarhus, 1962.

8. Cole G. D. H. A Short History of the British Working Class Movement 1789—1937. London, 1937.

9. Consumerism versus Capitalism? Cooperatives seen from an International Comparative Perspective. Gent, 2003.

10. Gaskell P. Artisans and Machinery: the moral and physical condition of the manufacturing population considered with reference to mechanical substitutes for human labour. London, 1836.

11. Gaskell P. The Manufacturing Population of England, its moral, social, and physical conditions, and the changes which have arisen from the use of steam machinery; with an examination of infant labour. London, 1833.

12. Hammond J. L., Hammond B. The Age of the Chartists 1832—1854: A Study of Discontent. London, 1930.

13. Hilton M. Consumerism in Twentieth-Century Britain. The search for a historical movement. Cambridge, 2003.

14. Hobsbawm E. J. Labouring Men : Studies in the History of Labour: Studies in the History of Labour. London, 1964.

15. Ludlow J. The Autobiography of a Christian Socialist / ed. by A. D. Murray. London, 1981.

16. Kay-Shuttleworth J. Ph. The Moral and Physical Condition of the Working Class Employed in the Cotton Manufacture in Manchester. London, 1832.

17. Politics for the People. London, 1848. No. 1—17.

18. Politics of Consumption. Material Culture and Citizenship in Europe and America / ed. By M. Daunton and M. Hilton. Oxford, 2001.

19. Saville J. The Labour Movement in Britain: A Commentary: A Commentary. London, 1988.

20. The Christian Socialist. A Journal of Association. London, 1850—1851. No. 1—61.

21. Thompson E. P. The Making of the English Working Class: With Index and Ills. London, 1963.

22. Tracts by Christian Socialism. London, 1850. No. 1—4.

23. Wade J. History of the Middle and Working Classes; with a popular exposition of the economical and political principles which have influenced the past and present condition of the industrial orders. London, 1833.

24. Wing Ch. Evils of the Factory System Demonstrated by Parliamentary Evidence. London, 1837.

25. Tracts on Christian Socialism. London, 1850. No. 1—8.