The Athenian Piraeus and Its Inhabitants
The Athenian Piraeus and Its Inhabitants
Annotation
PII
S207987840005151-5-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840005151-5
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Valerya Lanskaya 
Affiliation: Institute of World history RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The Athenian polis had two city centers: Athens, the old capital and the administrative and cultural center of Attica, and Piraeus, the new port town. On the one hand, Piraeus was only a part of the Athenian polis, but on the other hand, the status of a port town created its exceptional position within the polis and determined the peculiar composition of its inhabitants, as well as its cultural image. The author comes to the conclusion that Piraeus was a place where some processes happened, which were not typical for a classical Greek polis: 1) The economy of the polis was based on agriculture, while the Piraean economy was based on craft and trading; 2) The free population of Piraeus was comprised of aboriginal inhabitants, citizens who had migrated from other demes of Attica, and metics; the number of people living in Piraeus was increased by the numerous guests who came there for short periods of time for their trading business. All those groups of the Piraean population cooperated with one another and made business contacts, but the “world of the emporium” was never completely integrated into the Athenian polis, which preserved the traditional system of values antithetical to the principles of gain. The population of Piraeus was only partially comprised of citizens, the great part of free people living there had the status of metics; and the citizens engaged in maritime commerce retained the self-sentiment of foreignness in their own polis; 3) Piraeus was a place of foreign cults’ concentration.

Keywords
ancient Greece, Piraeus, economy, harbour, social structure, metics
Received
09.01.2019
Publication date
17.06.2019
Number of characters
40741
Number of purchasers
33
Views
58
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 rub. / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full version is available only to subscribers
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 rub. / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
800 rub. / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2019
1500 rub. / 30.0 SU

References

1. Kolobova K. M. Drevnij gorod Afiny i ego pamyatniki. L., 1961.

2. Lenskaya V. S. Chuzhezemnye bogi v Afinakh v V—IV vv. do n. eh. // Mnemon. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po istorii antichnogo mira. 2015. Vyp. 15. S. 386—402.

3. Marinovich L. P. Greki i Aleksandr Makedonskij. M.,1993.

4. Nikityuk E. V. Afinskij dekret IG II2 10: k voprosu o roli metekov v vosstanovlenii demokratii v 403 g. do n. eh. posle pravleniya Tridtsati tiranov // Mnemon. Issledovaniya i publikatsii po istorii antichnogo mira. 2012. Vyp. 11. S. 41—56.

5. Braund D. The Goddess Bendis in Fifth Century Athenian Culture // Vestnik drevnej istorii. 2017. № 3 (77). S. 575—598.

6. Burke E. Finances and the Operation of the Athenian Democracy in the “Lycurgan Era” // American Journal of Philology. 2010. № 131. P. 393—423.

7. Ferguson W. The Attic Orgeones // The Harward Theological Review. 1944. № 37. P. 62—140.

8. Garland R. Introducing New Gods. The Politics of Athenian Religion. Ithaka, New York, 1992.

9. Garland R. The Piraeus From the Fifth to the First Century B. C. New York, 1987.

10. Gomme A. The Population of Athens in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries B. C. Westport (Conn.), 1986.

11. Isager S., Hansen M. Aspects of Athenian Society in the Fourth Century B. C. Odense, 1975.

12. Jones N. Rural Athens under the Democracy. Philadelphia, 2004.

13. Lambert S. A Polis and its Priests. Athenian Priesthoods Before and After Pericles’ Citizenship Law // Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte. 2010. Bd. 59. S. 143—175.

14. Milett P. Maritime Loans and the Structure of Credit in Fourth-Century Athens // Trade in the Ancient Economy. Los Angeles, 1983. P. 36—52.

15. Mossé C. The World of Emporion in the Private Speeches of Demosthenes // Trade in the Ancient Economy. Los Angeles, 1983. P. 53—63.

16. Parker R. Athenian Religion. A History. Oxford, 1996.

17. Parker R. Polytheism and Society at Athens. Oxford; New York, 2005.

18. Rosivach V. The System of Public Sacrifice in Fourth-Century Athens. Atlanta, 1994.

19. Simms R. The Cult of the Thracian Goddess Bendis in Athens and Attica // Ancient World. 1988. № 18. P. 59—76.

20. Traill J. The Political Organization of Attica. Princeton, 1975.

21. Whitehead D. The Demes of Attica 508/7 -ca. 250 B.C. A Political and Social Study. Princeton, 1986.