Systematization as a Method of Description in Medieval Islamic Geography
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Systematization as a Method of Description in Medieval Islamic Geography
Annotation
PII
S207987840005149-2-1
DOI
10.18254/S207987840005149-2
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Irina Konovalova 
Affiliation: Institute of World History RAS
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The paper discusses the ways of systematization used by medieval Islamic geographers to create images of earthly space. To this end, a comparative analysis of Arab geographical works of various genres created in the 9th—14th centuries was carried out. As a result, it was found that the system of dividing the earth’s surface into latitudinal climatic zones, inherited from antiquity, turned out to be very productive in Islamic geography. It was used not only to organize information, but also to interpret it, including its value characteristics, when it turned into a social tool for dividing ecumene into zones of barbarism and civilization, which allowed to build a hierarchy of world space. The theory of climates was transferred from astronomical geography to descriptive geography, due to which a new type of geographical description was formed — zonal-climatic in form and cultural-historical in content.

Keywords
systematization, medieval Islamic geography, climate theory, images of space, space construction
Received
25.12.2018
Publication date
17.06.2019
Number of characters
27786
Number of purchasers
39
Views
133
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0.0 (0 votes)
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