Conservative Approach to “Rationalizing” the Sharia Law: a Case of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board
Table of contents
Share
Metrics
Conservative Approach to “Rationalizing” the Sharia Law: a Case of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board
Annotation
PII
S207987840002608-7-1
DOI
10.18254/S0002608-7-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Authors
Maria Starikova 
Affiliation: MGIMO University
Address: Russian Federation, Moscow
Abstract

The Muslim community of India follows Islamic laws that cover family and inheritance issues. Religious leaders have so far been reluctant to take drastic actions in the codification of Muslim personal law. After the 1947 partition of India, the country’s government refused to modify family laws of the religious communities and vested the entire authority in the communal leaders. Most of Muslim leaders belong to various conservative religious schools competing with each other. In 1972, they founded the All India Muslim Personal Law Board, which consolidated a majority of the religious movements and mazhabs — Islamic law schools. At the turn of the 21th century this organization started to take steps in the codification of family laws, including the elaboration of a new standard for nikahnama (Muslim marriage contract). The proposed version of nikahnama has resulted in active discussions triggered by India’s Muslim women organizations and ulamas from different Islamic schools.

Keywords
India, Muslim community, Muslim personal law, All India Muslim Personal Law Board, nikahnama
Received
13.03.2019
Publication date
12.05.2020
Number of characters
30384
Number of purchasers
19
Views
265
Readers community rating
0.0 (0 votes)
Cite Download pdf 100 RUB / 1.0 SU

To download PDF you should sign in

Full text is available to subscribers only
Subscribe right now
Only article
100 RUB / 1.0 SU
Whole issue
1000 RUB / 10.0 SU
All issues for 2020
1200 RUB / 20.0 SU

References

1. About Us // All India Muslim Women's Personal Law Board [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.aimwplb.com/about (data obrascheniya: 05.02.2019).

2. AIMPLB clears model nikahnama // The Milli Gazette. 16—31 January 2005 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/2005/16-31Jan05-Print-Edition/163101200516.htm (data obrascheniya: 10.02.2019).

3. AIMPLB’s Nikahnama // Mengia Hong Tschalaer. Muslim Women's Quest for Justice. Gender, Law and Activism in India. Cambridge, 2017.

4. Bordat W. S., Kouzzi S. The Marriage Contract in the Maghreb. Challenges and Opportunities for Women’s Rights // Raghavan C., Levine J. P. (ed.), Self-Determination and Women’s Rights in Muslim Societies. 2012.

5. History of AIMPLB // All India Muslim Personal Law Board [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.aimplboard.in/images/file/Board%20ki%20Tarikh.pdf (data obrascheniya: 02.02.2019).

6. History of AIMPLB // All India Muslim Personal Law Board [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.aimplboard.in/images/file/Board%20ki%20Tarikh.pdf (data obrascheniya: 02.02.2019).

7. Jones J. “Signs of churning”: Muslim Personal Law and public contestation in twenty first century India. Modern Asian Studies. Vol. 44. Special Is. 01. January 2010. P. 175—200.

8. Kirmani N. Re-thinking the Promotion of Women’s Rights through Islam in India // IDS Bulletin. Vol. 42. № 1. January 2011. P. 56—66.

9. Knowing Our Rights: Women, family, laws and customs in the Muslim world. Nottingham, 2006.

10. Malik J. Islam in South Asia. A Short History. India, 2012.

11. Marriage Certificate of AIMPLB // All India Muslim Women's Personal Law Board [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.aimplboard.in/images/book/pdf/Nikah%20Nama.pdf (data obrascheniya: 14.02.2019).

12. Mir-Hosseini Z. Justice, Equality and Muslim Family Laws. New Ideas, New Prospects. P. 7—34 // Larsen L., Mir-Hosseini Z., Moe C., Vogt K. Gender and Equality in Muslim Family Law. Justice and Ethics in the Islamic Legal Tradition. L., 2013.

13. Model nikahnama to be modified to deter Muslims from giving triple talaq: AIMPLB // India Today. 3 February 2018 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/model-nikahnama-to-be-modified-to-deter-muslims-from-giving-1160898-2018-02-03 (data obrascheniya: 14.02.2019).

14. Mohammad Burhanuddin Sambhali, Uniform civil code Muslim personal law aur Aurat ke Huqooq. New Delhi, 2011.

15. Mohammad Razi ul-Islam Nadvi, Islami Parda: Kya aur Kyon? New Delhi, 2011.

16. Pearl D., Menski W. Muslim Family Law (Third Edition). L., 1998.

17. Provisional Population Totals Paper 2 of 2011 // Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner: The Indian Census [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/prov_results_paper2_india.html (data obrascheniya: 02.02.2019).

18. Sagheer Ahmed Rehmani. Talaq ke Istemal ka Tariqa. New Delhi, 2007.

19. Suneetha A. Muslim Women and Marriage Laws. Debating the Model Nikahnama. Economic & Political Weekly. Vol. XLVII. № 43. P. 40—48.

20. Syed Shah Minatullah Rehmani. Nikah aur Talaq. New Delhi // All India Muslim Women's Personal Law Board [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.aimplboard.in/images/book/pdf/Nikah%20aur%20Talaque_Minnatullah%20Sb.pdf (data obrascheniya: 08.02.2019).

21. The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act 1986 [Ehlektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://legislative.gov.in/sites/default/files/A1986-25_1.pdf (data obrascheniya: 04.02.2019).

22. Tschalaer M. H. Muslim Women's Quest for Justice. Gender, Law and Activism in India. Cambridge, 2017.

23. Zaman M. Q. Ashraf ‘Ali Thanawi: Islam in Modern South Asia. Oxford, 2008.